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Did Women's Suffrage Change the Size and Scope of Government?

John R. Lott, Jr. and Lawrence W. Kenny
Journal of Political Economy
Vol. 107, No. 6 (December 1999), pp. 1163-1198
DOI: 10.1086/250093
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/250093
Page Count: 36
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Did Women's Suffrage Change the Size and Scope of Government?
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Abstract

This paper examines the growth of government during this century as a result of giving women the right to vote. Using cross‐sectional time‐series data for 1870–1940, we examine state government expenditures and revenue as well as voting by U.S. House and Senate state delegations and the passage of a wide range of different state laws. Suffrage coincided with immediate increases in state government expenditures and revenue and more liberal voting patterns for federal representatives, and these effects continued growing over time as more women took advantage of the franchise. Contrary to many recent suggestions, the gender gap is not something that has arisen since the 1970s, and it helps explain why American government started growing when it did.

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