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Calibration of the BATC Survey: Methodology and Accuracy

Haojing Yan, David Burstein, Xiaohui Fan, Zhongyuan Zheng, Jiansheng Chen, Yong‐Ik Byun, Rui Chen, Wen‐ping Chen, Licai Deng, Zugan Deng, Li Zhi Fang, Jeff J. Hester, Zhaoji Jiang, Yong Li, Weipeng Lin, Phillip Lu, Zhaohui Shang, Hongjun Su, Wei‐hsin Sun, Wean‐shun Tsay, Rogier A. Windhorst, Hong Wu, Xiaoyang Xia, Wen Xu, Suijian Xue, Zheng Zheng, Jin Zhu and Zhenlong Zou
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Vol. 112, No. 771 (May 2000), pp. 691-702
DOI: 10.1086/316564
Stable URL:
Page Count: 12
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ABSTRACT We describe in detail the extinction correction procedures used for the Beijing‐Arizona‐Taiwan‐Connecticut Sky Survey (BATC Survey). The survey covers the spectral range 3200–9900 Å by utilizing a set of 15 intermediate‐band filters. These filters are specifically designed to exclude most of the bright and variable night‐sky emission lines. We also present extinction coefficients for the filter passbands for typical photometric nights at the Xinglong Observing Station, Beijing Astronomical Observatory (where the observations of the survey are being carried out). Time‐dependent, low‐amplitude (∼1%), nightly extinction variation has been observed. Such variation is demonstrably independent of filter bandpass and air mass, with amplitudes ranging from ∼0.01 to ∼0.03 mag. The variation is plausibly caused by slowly varying (at ∼1%) atmospheric extinction, possibly related to changes in air pressure/temperature/humidity that occur during the night. An iterative fitting scheme has been developed to take this time‐varying component into account. We conclude that the survey can achieve its stated observational goal, namely, an absolute photometric calibration that is tied to the ABν system to an accuracy of 1% in all filters.

Notes and References

This item contains 8 references.

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