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Violence, Guns, and Drugs: A Cross‐Country Analysis
Jeffrey A. Miron
The Journal of Law & Economics
Vol. 44, No. S2, Guns, Crime, and SafetyA Conference Sponsored by the American Enterprise Institute and the Center for Law, Economics, and Public Policy at Yale Law School (October 2001), pp. 615-633
Published by: The University of Chicago Press for The Booth School of Business, University of Chicago and The University of Chicago Law School
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/340507
Page Count: 19
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Violence, Firearms, Gun control, Homicide rates, Homicide, Black markets, Arrest rates, Violent crimes, Legal evidence, Countries
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Abstract Violence rates differ dramatically across countries. A widely held view is that these differences reflect differences in gun control and/or gun availability, and certain pieces of evidence appear consistent with this hypothesis. A more detailed examination of this evidence suggests that the role of gun control/availability is not compelling. This more detailed examination, however, does not provide an alternative explanation for cross‐country differences in violence. This paper suggests that differences in the enforcement of drug prohibition are an important factor in explaining differences in violence rates across countries. To determine the validity of this hypothesis, the paper examines data on homicide rates, drug prohibition enforcement, and gun control policy for a broad range of countries. The results suggest a role for drug prohibition enforcement in explaining cross‐country differences in violence, and they provide an alternative explanation for some of the apparent effects of gun control/availability on violence rates.
© 2001 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.