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A Criterion of Probabilistic Causation*

Charles R. Twardy and Kevin B. Korb
Philosophy of Science
Vol. 71, No. 3 (July 2004), pp. 241-262
DOI: 10.1086/421534
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/421534
Page Count: 22
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A Criterion of Probabilistic Causation*
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Abstract

The investigation of probabilistic causality has been plagued by a variety of misconceptions and misunderstandings. One has been the thought that the aim of the probabilistic account of causality is the reduction of causal claims to probabilistic claims. Nancy Cartwright (1979) has clearly rebutted that idea. Another ill‐conceived idea continues to haunt the debate, namely the idea that contextual unanimity can do the work of objective homogeneity. It cannot. We argue that only objective homogeneity in combination with a causal interpretation of Bayesian networks can provide the desired criterion of probabilistic causality.

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