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Pathways to the Overrepresentation of Aboriginal Children in Canada’s Child Welfare System

Nico Trocmé, Della Knoke and Cindy Blackstock
Social Service Review
Vol. 78, No. 4 (December 2004), pp. 577-600
DOI: 10.1086/424545
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/424545
Page Count: 24
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Pathways to the Overrepresentation of Aboriginal Children in Canada’s Child Welfare System
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Abstract

This study compares child welfare services provided to Aboriginal (Indian) and Caucasian children in Canada. The findings suggest that child welfare reports involving Aboriginal children are more likely to be classified as suspected or substantiated than reports for Caucasian children. Aboriginal children also are twice as likely to be placed in foster care. This overrepresentation in out‐of‐home placement is explained statistically by socioeconomic, child, parent, and maltreatment characteristics. In addition, these variables play a significant role in accounting for higher rates of case substantiation among Aboriginal children. These factors may reflect the multiple disadvantages experienced by Aboriginal families.

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