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Subsidizing Addiction: Do State Health Insurance Mandates Increase Alcohol Consumption?

Jonathan Klick and Thomas Stratmann
The Journal of Legal Studies
Vol. 35, No. 1 (January 2006), pp. 175-198
DOI: 10.1086/498830
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/498830
Page Count: 24
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Subsidizing Addiction: Do State Health Insurance Mandates Increase Alcohol Consumption?
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Abstract

Abstract A model of addiction in which individuals are forward looking implies that as the availability of addiction treatment options grows, individuals will consume more of an addictive good. We test this implication using cross‐state variation in the adoption of mental health parity mandates that include substance abuse treatments. We examine the effects of these mandates on the consumption of alcohol and find that parity legislation leads to an increase in alcohol consumption. To account for the possible endogeneity of the adoption of mental health parity mandates, we perform an instrumental variables analysis and find that the ordinary least squares estimation significantly underestimates the insurance effect on alcohol consumption.

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