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Disinfection of Endoscopes: Review of New Chemical Sterilants Used for High‐Level Disinfection

William A. Rutala , PhD, MPH and David J. Weber , MD, MPH
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Vol. 20, No. 1 (January 1999), pp. 69-76
DOI: 10.1086/501544
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/501544
Page Count: 9
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Disinfection of Endoscopes: Review of New Chemical Sterilants Used for High‐Level Disinfection
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Abstract

ABSTRACT Chemical sterilants are used to high‐level disinfect heatsensitive semicritical items such as endoscopes. Most endoscopes have been reprocessed between each patient use with glutaraldehyde (>2%) or the Steris System 1. Several new chemical sterilants have been developed recently, including 7.5% hydrogen peroxide, 0.08% peracetic acid plus 1.0% hydrogen peroxide, and 0.55% orthophthalaldehyde. In order to aid the infection control professional in choosing the appropriate disinfection methodology, this article reviews the characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of high‐level disinfectants intended for reprocessing endoscopes.

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