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Molecular Epidemiology of Vancomycin‐Resistant Enterococci: A 2‐Year Perspective

Valentina Stosor , MD, Julie Kruszynski , MT(ASCP), Terra Suriano , RN, Gary A. Noskin , MD and Lance R. Peterson , MD
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Vol. 20, No. 10 (October 1999), pp. 653-659
DOI: 10.1086/501560
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/501560
Page Count: 7
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Molecular Epidemiology of Vancomycin‐Resistant Enterococci: A 2‐Year Perspective
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE.  To determine the molecular epidemiology of vancomycin‐resistant enterococci (VRE) at our medical center in order to identify the extent of strain clonality and possible transmission patterns of this pathogen. DESIGN.  An important facet of our infection control program includes molecular typing of all clinical and surveillance isolates of VRE to determine transmission patterns in the hospital. Molecular strain typing is performed by restriction endonuclease analysis (REA) of genomic DNA. REA patterns are visually compared to categorize VRE strains into type and subtype designations. SETTING.  A 588‐bed, university‐affiliated, tertiary‐care hospital and a neighboring 155‐bed rehabilitation facility. RESULTS.  From January 1995 through December 1996, 379 VRE isolates were collected from 197 patients. Thirty‐three genotypes were determined by REA typing; 15 genotypes were implicated in 29 instances of potential nosocomial transmission. Three major clusters of VRE involving patients on multiple nursing units and two adjacent hospitals were identified. The remaining instances of nosocomial transmission occurred in small patient clusters. CONCLUSIONS.  In conclusion, the VRE epidemic at this medical center is polyclonal. VRE transmission patterns are complex, and, while large clusters do occur, the usual pattern of nosocomial acquisition of this pathogen occurs in the setting of “miniclusters”.

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