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The Prevalence of Colonization With Vancomycin‐Resistant Enterococcus at a Veterans’ Affairs Institution

Jerome I. Tokars , MD, MPH, Sachiko Satake , PhD, David Rimland , MD, Loretta Carson , MS, Elaine R. Miller , RN, MPH, Edna Killum , RN, Ronda L. Sinkowitz‐Cochran , BS, MPH, Matthew J. Arduino , DrPh, Fred C. Tenover , PhD, Barbara Marston , MD and William R. Jarvis , MD
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Vol. 20, No. 3 (March 1999), pp. 171-175
DOI: 10.1086/501606
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/501606
Page Count: 5
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The Prevalence of Colonization With Vancomycin‐Resistant Enterococcus at a Veterans’ Affairs Institution
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE.  To study vancomycin‐resistant Enterococcus (VRE) prevalence, risk factors, and clustering among hospital inpatients. DESIGN.  Rectal‐swab prevalence culture survey conducted from February 5 to March 22, 1996. SETTING.  The Veterans’ Affairs Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia. PATIENTS.  Hospital (medical and surgical) inpatients. RESULTS.  The overall VRE prevalence was 29% (42/147 patients). The VRE prevalence was 52% (38/73 patients) among patients who had received at least one of six specific antimicrobials during the preceding 120 days, compared with only 5% (4/74) among those who had not received the antimicrobials (relative risk, 9.6; P<.001). The longer the period (up to 120 days) during which antimicrobial use was studied, the more closely VRE status was predicted. Among 67 hospital patients in 28 multibed rooms, clustering of VRE among current roommates was not found. CONCLUSIONS.  At this hospital with relatively high VRE prevalence, VRE colonization was related to antibiotic use but not to roommate VRE status. In hospitals with a similar VRE epidemiology, obtaining cultures from roommates of VRE‐positive patients may not be as efficient a strategy for identifying VRE‐colonized patients as obtaining screening cultures from patients who have received antimicrobials.

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