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Potential for Ebola Transmission between Gorilla and Chimpanzee Social Groups
Peter D. Walsh, Thomas Breuer, Crickette Sanz, David Morgan and Diane Doran‐Sheehy
The American Naturalist
Vol. 169, No. 5 (May 2007), pp. 684-689
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/513494
Page Count: 6
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Abstract: Over the past decade Ebola hemorrhagic fever has emerged repeatedly in Gabon and Congo, causing numerous human outbreaks and massive die‐offs of gorillas and chimpanzees. Why Ebola has emerged so explosively remains poorly understood. Previous studies have tended to focus on exogenous factors such as habitat disturbance and climate change as drivers of Ebola emergence while downplaying the contribution of transmission between gorilla or chimpanzee social groups. Here we report recent observations on behaviors that pose a risk of transmission among gorilla groups and between gorillas and chimpanzees. These observations support a reassessment of ape‐to‐ape transmission as an amplifier of Ebola outbreaks.
© 2007 by The University of Chicago.