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Computer Simulation: The Cooperation between Experimenting and Modeling*

Johannes Lenhard
Philosophy of Science
Vol. 74, No. 2 (April 2007), pp. 176-194
DOI: 10.1086/519029
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/519029
Page Count: 19
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Computer Simulation: The Cooperation between Experimenting and Modeling*
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Abstract

The goal of the present article is to contribute to the epistemology and methodology of computer simulations. The central thesis is that the process of simulation modeling takes the form of an explorative cooperation between experimenting and modeling. This characteristic mode of modeling turns simulations into autonomous mediators in a specific way; namely, it makes it possible for the phenomena and the data to exert a direct influence on the model. The argumentation will be illustrated by a case study of the general circulation models of meteorology, the major simulation models in climate research.

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