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Around‐the‐Clock, Rapid Diagnosis of Influenza by Means of Membrane Chromatography Antigen Testing Confirmed by Polymerase Chain Reaction

Anna C. Nilsson , MD, Birgitta Alemo , MD, Per Björkman , MD, PhD, Lena Dillner , MD, PhD, Åsa Melhus , MD, PhD, Berit Nilsson , MD, PhD and Anders Widell , MD, PhD
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Vol. 29, No. 2 (February 2008), pp. 177-179
DOI: 10.1086/526446
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/526446
Page Count: 3
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Around‐the‐Clock, Rapid Diagnosis of Influenza by Means of Membrane Chromatography Antigen Testing Confirmed by Polymerase Chain Reaction
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Abstract

One rapid membrane chromatography test and 2 immunofluorescence tests were compared with polymerase chain reaction as tools for the diagnosis of influenza in 277 patients treated in an emergency department. The sensitivity on days 1‐3 of symptoms was 71% for the rapid membrane chromatography test, 70% for the first immunofluorescence test, and 79% for the second immunofluorescence test. Rapid tests are useful for round‐the‐clock identification of influenza, with follow‐up polymerase chain reaction used for confirmation.

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