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Preparing for Migration? The Effects of Photoperiod and Exercise on Muscle Oxidative Enzymes, Lipid Transporters, and Phospholipids in White‐Crowned Sparrows
Edwin R. Price, Jay T. McFarlan and Christopher G. Guglielmo
Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: Ecological and Evolutionary Approaches
Vol. 83, No. 2 (March/April 2010), pp. 252-262
Published by: The University of Chicago Press. Sponsored by the Division of Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry, Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/605394
Page Count: 11
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Abstract The extreme energetic demands of avian migration result in various physiological changes that can be observed during the migratory period. However, the degree to which birds alter muscle physiology in advance of migration has been poorly studied. We studied the effects of “migratory” photoperiod and exercise on metabolic enzymes, fatty acid transporter mRNA expression, and muscle phospholipid fatty acid composition in captive white‐crowned sparrows (Zonotrichia leucophrys). Ten sparrows were held on short photoperiod (8L:16D) for 58 d then switched to long days (16L:8D) for 3 wk before sampling. Increased nightly activity indicated that the birds were indeed in migratory condition. Another 13 birds were held on short days during the entire experiment, and a subset (5) were exercised for 1 h every other day for the last 2 wk. “Migratory” photoperiod did not change the activities of citrate synthase, carnitine palmitoyl transferase, and 3‐hydroxyacyl‐CoA dehydrogenase or the expression of FAT/CD36, FABPpm, and H‐FABP mRNA in pectoralis muscle, suggesting that these cannot be increased in advance of migratory flight. Docosahexaenoic acid increased in pectoralis muscle phospholipids with exercise but was negatively correlated with catabolic enzyme activity, indicating that the presence of this fatty acid may not aid migratory performance as suggested by other studies.
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