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Multiple Experiments for the Causal Link between the Quantity and Quality of Children

Joshua Angrist, Victor Lavy and Analia Schlosser
Journal of Labor Economics
Vol. 28, No. 4 (October 2010), pp. 773-824
DOI: 10.1086/653830
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/653830
Page Count: 51
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Multiple Experiments for the Causal Link between the
Quantity and Quality of Children
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Abstract

This article presents evidence on the child-quantity/child-quality trade-off using quasi-experimental variation due to twin births and preferences for a mixed sibling sex composition, as well as ethnic differences in the effects of these variables. Our sample includes groups with very high fertility. An innovation in our econometric approach is the juxtaposition of results from multiple instrumental variables strategies, capturing the effects of fertility over different ranges for different sorts of people. To increase precision, we develop an estimator that combines different instrument sets across partially overlapping parity-specific subsamples. Our results are remarkably consistent in showing no evidence of a quantity-quality trade-off.

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