Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

Polarization Gratings: A Novel Polarimetric Component for Astronomical Instruments

C. Packham, M. Escuti, J. Ginn, C. Oh, I. Quijano and G. Boreman
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Vol. 122, No. 898 (2010 December), pp. 1471-1482
DOI: 10.1086/657904
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/657904
Page Count: 12
  • Download PDF
  • Add to My Lists
  • Cite this Item
We're having trouble loading this content. Download PDF instead.

Abstract

Polarization gratings (PGs) have been recently been developed for ultraefficient liquid crystal displays, nonmechanical optical beam steering, and telecommunication devices at optical and near-infrared wavelengths (0.4–2.0 µm). A PG simultaneously acts as both a spectroscopic and polarimetric disperser for circularly polarized light. With the use of a quarter-wave retarder (or analog) to convert linearly to circularly polarized light, these devices can be used as linear polarimetric analyzers. PGs offer high throughput and high levels of birefringence and can currently be constructed inexpensively to diameters of 150 mm, and development projects are in progress to double that size. In this article we report on the characterization of a PG sample at mid-infrared wavelengths (2–40 µm), including the birefringence, throughput, spectral response, and cold cycling survivability. We discuss these devices in the context of astronomical polarimetry, especially as the polarimetric components for a conceptual study of a SOFIA-based polarimeter.

Notes and References

This item contains 45 references.

REFERENCES
  • ['\n\nAdams\n, \nJ. D.\n\n, et al.\n 2006, Proc. SPIE, 6269, 34']
  • ['\n\nAntonucci\n, \nR. R. J.\n\n, & \n\nMiller\n, \nJ. S.\n\n 1985, ApJ, 297, 621']
  • ['\n\nBomzon\n, \nZ.\n\n, \n\nBiener\n, \nG.\n\n, \n\nKleiner\n, \nV.\n\n, & \n\nHasman\n, \nE.\n\n 2001, Opt. Lett., 26, 1711']
  • ['\n\nBroer\n, \nD. J.\n\n, \n\nBoven\n, \nJ.\n\n, \n\nMol\n, \nG. N.\n\n, & \n\nChalla\n, \nG.\n\n 1989, Makromol. Chem., 190, 2255']
  • ['\n\nBrusa\n, \nG.\n\n, et al.\n 2003, Proc. SPIE, 4839, 691']
  • ['\n\nChrysostomou\n, \nA.\n\n, \n\nClark\n, \nS. G.\n\n, \n\nHough\n, \nJ. H.\n\n, \n\nGledhill\n, \nT. M.\n\n, \n\nMcCall\n, \nA.\n\n, & \n\nTamura\n, \nM.\n\n 1996, MNRAS, 278, 449']
  • ['\n\nCrawford\n, \nG. P.\n\n, \n\nEakin\n, \nJ. N.\n\n, \n\nRadcliffe\n, \nM. D.\n\n, \n\nCallan-Jones\n, \nA.\n\n, & \n\nPelcovits\n, \nR. A.\n\n 2005, JAP, 98, 123102']
  • ['\n\nEscuti\n, \nM. J.\n\n, \n\nCairns\n, \nD. R.\n\n, & \n\nCrawford\n, \nG. P\n\n 2004, JAP, 95, 5, 2386']
  • ['\n\nEscuti\n, \nM. J.\n\n, & \n\nJones\n, \nW. M.\n\n 2006, Proc. SPIE, 6332']
  • ['\n\nEscuti\n, \nM. J.\n\n, & \n\nOh\n, \nC.\n\n 2007, Multi-Layer Achromatic\nLiquid Crystal Polarization Gratings and Related Fabrication Methods, US Patent 60/912,039 (filed 2008 April 16; issued\n2010 September 9)']
  • ['\n\nEscuti\n, \nM. J.\n\n, \n\nOh\n, \nC.\n\n, \n\nSanchez\n, \nC.\n\n, \n\nBastiaansen\n, \nC.\n\n, & \n\nBroer\n, \nD. J.\n\n 2006, Proc. SPIE, 6302, 630207']
  • ['\n\nFagan\n, \nJ. A.\n\n, et al.\n 2007, Phys. Rev. Lett., 98, 147402']
  • ['\n\nFox\n, \nM.\n\n 2001, Optical Properties of Solids (New York: Oxford\nUniv. Press), 40']
  • ['\n\nGauza\n, \nS.\n\n, \n\nWang\n, \nH.\n\n, \n\nWen\n, \nC.-H.\n\n, \n\nWu\n, \nS.-T.\n\n, \n\nSeed\n, \nA. J.\n\n, & \n\nDabrowski\n, \nR.\n\n 2003, JaJAP, 42, 3463']
  • ['\n\nGlasse\n, \nA. C.\n\n, \n\nAtad-Ettedgui\n, \nE. I.\n\n, & \n\nHarris\n, \nJ. W.\n\n 1997, Proc. SPIE, 2871, 1197']
  • ['\n\nGori\n, \nF.\n\n 1999, Opt. Lett., 24, 584']
  • ['\n\nGray\n, \nD. E.\n\n 1963, American Institute of Physics\nHandbook (New York: McGraw-Hill)']
  • ['\n\nHasman\n, \nE.\n\n, \n\nBomzon\n, \nZ.\n\n, \n\nNiv\n, \nA.\n\n, \n\nBiener\n, \nG.\n\n, & \n\nKleiner\n, \nV.\n\n 2002, Opt. Commun., 209, 45']
  • ['\n\nKelly\n, \nM. J.\n\n 1995, J. Phys. Condensed Matter, 7, 5507']
  • ['\n\nKim\n, \nJ.\n\n, \n\nOh\n, \nC.\n\n, \n\nEscuti\n, \nM. J.\n\n, \n\nHosting\n, \nL.\n\n, & \n\nSerati\n, \nS.\n\n 2008, Proc. SPIE, 7093, 709302']
  • ['\n\nKomanduri\n, \nR. K.\n\n, & \n\nEscuti\n, \nM. J.\n\n 2009, Appl. Phys. Lett., 95, 091106']
  • ['\n\nLeroy\n, \nJ. L.\n\n 2000, Polarization of Light and\nAstronomical Observation (Amsterdam: Gordon Breach)']
  • ['\n\nMcManamon\n, \nP. F.\n\n, \n\nBos\n, \nP. J.\n\n, \n\nEscuti\n, \nM. J.\n\n, \n\nHeikenfeld\n, \nJ.\n\n, \n\nSerati\n, \nS.\n\n, \n\nXie\n, \nH.\n\n, & \n\nWatson\n, \nE. A.\n\n 2009, Proc. IEEE, 97, 6']
  • ['\n\nMyers\n, \nR. M.\n\n, et al.\n 2003, Proc. SPIE, 4839, 647']
  • ['\n\nNersisyan\n, \nS. R.\n\n, \n\nTabiryan\n, \nN. V.\n\n, \n\nSteeves\n, \nD. M.\n\n, & \n\nKimball\n, \nB. R.\n\n 2009, JNOPM, 18, 1']
  • ['\n\nNikolova\n, \nL.\n\n, & \n\nTodorov\n, \nT.\n\n 1984, AcOpt, 31, 579']
  • ['\n\nOh\n, \nC.\n\n, & \n\nEscuti\n, \nM. J.\n\n 2006, Opt. Express, 14, 11870']
  • ['——— 2007, Phys. Rev. A, 76, 4']
  • ['——— 2007, Proc. SPIE, 6682']
  • ['——— 2008, Opt. Lett., 33, 2287']
  • ['\n\nPackham\n, \nC. C.\n\n, \n\nAxon\n, \nD. J.\n\n, \n\nHough\n, \nJ. H.\n\n, \n\nJones\n, \nT. J.\n\n, \n\nRoche\n, \nP. F.\n\n, \n\nTamura\n, \nM.\n\n, & \n\nTelesco\n, \nC. M.\n\n 2007, Proc. SPIE, 6678, 66780F']
  • ['\n\nPackham\n, \nC.\n\n, \n\nHough\n, \nJ. H.\n\n, & \n\nTelesco\n, \nC. M.\n\n 2005, in ASP Conf. Ser. 343, Astronomical Polarimetry: Current Status and Future\nDirections (San Francisco: ASP), 38']
  • ['\n\nPackham\n, \nC.\n\n, & \n\nJones\n, \nT. J.\n\n 2008, Proc. SPIE, 7014, 70145F']
  • ['\n\nPackham\n, \nC.\n\n, \n\nMason\n, \nR. E.\n\n, & \n\nBoreman\n, \nG. D.\n\n 2008, Opt. Eng., 47, 126401']
  • ['\n\nPackham\n, \nC.\n\n, \n\nYoung\n, \nS.\n\n, \n\nFisher\n, \nS.\n\n, \n\nVolk\n, \nK.\n\n, \n\nMason\n, \nR.\n\n, \n\nHough\n, \nJ. H.\n\n, \n\nRoche\n, \nP. F.\n\n, \n\nElitzur\n, \nM.\n\n, et al.\n 2007, ApJL, 661, 29']
  • ['\n\nPackham\n, \nC.\n\n, et al.\n 2008, Proc. SPIE, 7014, 82']
  • ['\n\nPerrin\n, \nM. D.\n\n, \n\nGraham\n, \nJ. R.\n\n, & \n\nLloyd\n, \nJ. P.\n\n 2008, PASP, 120, 555']
  • ['\n\nRousset\n, \nG.\n\n, et al.\n 2003, Proc. SPIE, 4839, 140']
  • ['\n\nRigaut\n, \nF. J.\n\n, \n\nEllerbroek\n, \nB. L.\n\n, & \n\nFlicker\n, \nR.\n\n 2000, Proc. SPIE, 4007, 1022']
  • ['\n\nSchadt\n, \nM.\n\n, \n\nSeiberle\n, \nH.\n\n, & \n\nSchuster\n, \nA.\n\n 1996, Nature, 381, 212']
  • ['\n\nTamura\n, \nM.\n\n, \n\nFukagawa\n, \nM.\n\n, \n\nKimura\n, \nH.\n\n, \n\nYamamoto\n, \nT.\n\n, \n\nSuto\n, \nH.\n\n, & \n\nAbe\n, \nL.\n\n 2006, ApJ, 641, 1172']
  • ['\n\nTata\n, \nR.\n\n, \n\nMartin\n, \nE. L.\n\n, \n\nSengupta\n, \nS.\n\n, \n\nPhan-Bao\n, \nN.\n\n, \n\nZapatero Osorio\n, \nM. R.\n\n, & \n\nBouy\n, \nH.\n\n 2009, A&A, 508, 1423']
  • ['\n\nTervo\n, \nJ.\n\n, & \n\nTurunen\n, \nJ.\n\n 2000, Opt. Lett., 25, 785']
  • ['\n\nWizinowich\n, \nP. L.\n\n, et al.\n 2000, PASP, Vol.\xa0112, 315']
  • ['\n\nWoollam\n, \nJ. A.\n\n, \n\nJohs\n, \nB. D.\n\n, \n\nHerzinger\n, \nC. M.\n\n, \n\nHilfiker\n, \nJ. N.\n\n, \n\nSynowicki\n, \nR. A.\n\n, & \n\nBungay\n, \nC. L.\n\n 1999, Proc. SPIE, CR72, 3']

Supplements