Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support

From Inherent Value to Incentive Value: When and Why Pointless Effort Enhances Consumer Preference

Sara Kim and Aparna A. Labroo
Journal of Consumer Research
Vol. 38, No. 4 (December 2011), pp. 712-742
Published by: Oxford University Press
DOI: 10.1086/660806
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/660806
Page Count: 31
  • Download ($14.00)
  • Cite this Item
Item Type
Article
References
If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support
From Inherent Value to Incentive Value: When and Why Pointless Effort
                    Enhances Consumer Preference
Preview not available

Abstract

Companies typically use clear fonts and bright pictures in their ads, Web sites, and product-package designs; place their products on easy-to-reach shelves; and emphasize ease-of-usage to make their products appear desirable to consumers. However, we suggest that customers focused on “incentive” value (getting the best product) may instead see products associated with noninstrumental (pointless) effort as more desirable. We suggest that because effort is usually required to get the best outcomes, people looking for the best outcomes also mistakenly presume effort must imply the best possible outcome. Across five studies, we show that highlighting incentive value—for instance, by message framing or by measuring chronic focus or by manipulating situational focus on incentive value—enhances preference toward outcomes associated with noninstrumental effort. We discuss the importance of our findings for understanding everyday consumption decisions and argue for a widespread tendency among individuals wanting the best to infer value from noninstrumental effort.

Page Thumbnails