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Can Hearts and Minds Be Bought? The Economics of Counterinsurgency in Iraq

Eli Berman, Jacob N. Shapiro and Joseph H. Felter
Journal of Political Economy
Vol. 119, No. 4 (August 2011), pp. 766-819
DOI: 10.1086/661983
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/661983
Page Count: 54
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Can Hearts and Minds Be Bought? The Economics of Counterinsurgency in Iraq
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Abstract

We develop and test an economic theory of insurgency motivated by the informal literature and by recent military doctrine. We model a three-way contest between violent rebels, a government seeking to minimize violence by mixing service provision and coercion, and civilians deciding whether to share information about insurgents. We test the model using panel data from Iraq on violence against Coalition and Iraqi forces, reconstruction spending, and community characteristics (sectarian status, socioeconomic grievances, and natural resource endowments). Our results support the theory’s predictions: improved service provision reduces insurgent violence, particularly for smaller projects and since the “surge” began in 2007.

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