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Improved Risk Adjustment in Public Reporting: Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgical Site Infections

Sandra I. Berríos-Torres MD, Yi Mu PhD, Jonathan R. Edwards MStat, Teresa C. Horan MPH and Scott K. Fridkin MD
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Vol. 33, No. 5 (May 2012), pp. 463-469
DOI: 10.1086/665313
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/665313
Page Count: 7
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Improved Risk Adjustment in Public Reporting: Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgical Site Infections
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Abstract

Objective. The objective was to develop a new National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) risk model for sternal, deep incisional, and organ/space (complex) surgical site infections (SSIs) following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) procedures, detected on admission and readmission, consistent with public reporting requirements.Patients and Setting. A total of 133,503 CABG procedures with 4,008 associated complex SSIs reported by 293 NHSN hospitals in the United States.Methods. CABG procedures performed from January 1, 2006, through December 31, 2008, were analyzed. Potential SSI risk factors were identified by univariate analysis. Multivariate analysis with forward stepwise logistic regression modeling was used to develop the new model. The c-index was used to compare the predictive power of the new and NHSN risk index models.Results. Multivariate analysis independent risk factors included ASA score, procedure duration, female gender, age, and medical school affiliation. The new risk model has significantly improved predictive performance over the NHSN risk index (c-index, 0.62 and 0.56, respectively).Conclusions. Traditionally, the NHSN surveillance system has used a risk index to provide procedure-specific risk-stratified SSI rates to hospitals. A new CABG sternal, complex SSI risk model developed by multivariate analysis has improved predictive performance over the traditional NHSN risk index and is being considered for endorsement as a measure for public reporting.

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