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Journal Article

Proterozoic Evolution of the North Atlantic–Arctic Caledonides: Insights from Detrital Zircon Analysis of Metasedimentary Rocks from the Pearya Terrane, Canadian High Arctic

Shawn J. Malone, William C. McClelland, Werner von Gosen and Karsten Piepjohn
The Journal of Geology
Vol. 122, No. 6 (November 2014), pp. 623-647
DOI: 10.1086/677902
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/677902
Page Count: 25
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Proterozoic Evolution of the North Atlantic–Arctic Caledonides: Insights from Detrital Zircon Analysis of Metasedimentary Rocks from the Pearya Terrane, Canadian High Arctic
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Abstract

AbstractThe Pearya Terrane, recognized as the only exotic terrane along the Canadian Arctic margin, includes a Neoproterozoic–early Paleozoic basinal or passive-margin metasedimentary sequence that is structurally juxtaposed with arc-related Paleozoic rocks and a metamorphic basement complex containing early Neoproterozoic orthogneiss. The Neoproterozoic siliciclastic sequence is similar to other clastic sections formed at the breakup of Rodinia, but its paleogeographic origin and crustal affinity are uncertain. Detrital zircon age spectra from seven samples reveal three groups: Group A, with numerous peaks at c. 1100–1800 Ma and the youngest population at c. 1020 Ma; Group B, defined by a dominant c. 970 Ma age peak; and Group C, with dominant peaks from c. 970–1800 Ma and a small population of c. 635–710 Ma grains. Spectra from Group A resemble data from the latest Mesoproterozoic units in Svalbard, East Greenland, and the Scandinavian Caledonides, with the ubiquitous Mesoproterozoic ages observed in all these regions compatible with derivation from the Grenville-Sveconorwegian Orogen of Laurentia and Baltica. The dominance of 930–970 Ma ages in Group B reflects input from magmatic rocks of this age in Pearya and Svalbard, while the 635–710 Ma ages observed in Group C overlap with magmatic ages observed in the Arctic Alaska–Chukotka Terrane and units in the Taimyr-Timanide region. The Neoproterozoic siliciclastic strata of the Pearya Terrane originated distal to northeastern Laurentia, in a position similar to that of the constituent terranes of Svalbard and the Eleonore Bay Supergroup of East Greenland, and they record deposition along a Neoproterozoic convergent margin active during the prolonged breakup of Rodinia.

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