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Journal Article

Cycad (Cycadales) Chromosome Numbers Are Not Correlated with Genome Size

Root Gorelick, Danielle Fraser, Ben J. M. Zonneveld and Damon P. Little
International Journal of Plant Sciences
Vol. 175, No. 9 (November/December 2014), pp. 986-997
DOI: 10.1086/678085
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/678085
Page Count: 12
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Abstract

AbstractPremise of research. Change in base number of chromosomes per nucleus is usually believed to result from whole-genome duplication or from duplication or elimination of a single chromosome (aneuploidy). However, chromosome numbers can also change via mechanisms with no gain or loss of nuclear DNA, such as fusion or fission of chromosomes.Methodology. We previously determined amount of DNA per nucleus (2C values) using flow cytometry of leaf tissue. We tested whether Cycadales (cycad) chromosome numbers are correlated with these 2C values using ordinary least squares (OLS) and phylogenetic generalized least squares (PGLS) regression.Pivotal results. Regardless of branch length estimation technique and evolutionary model, OLS and PGLS yielded no statistically significant relationship between chromosome number and genome size in our analysis of 22 species, encompassing all 11 extant cycad genera.Conclusions. Within cycad genera, chromosomal fissions or fusions are much more likely than large additions or deletions of nuclear DNA.

Notes and References

This item contains 93 references.

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