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Gwadar: A Historical Kaleidoscope

Azhar Ahmad
Policy Perspectives
Vol. 13, No. 2 (2016), pp. 149-166
Published by: Pluto Journals
DOI: 10.13169/polipers.13.2.0149
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.13169/polipers.13.2.0149
Page Count: 18
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Gwadar: A Historical Kaleidoscope
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Abstract

Until recently, Gwadar was a small fishing village little known to the outside world. However, the development of a deep-sea-port with the help of China and the prospects of linking China and Central Asia through Pakistan to North Arabian Sea has brought this small, obscure village to international limelight. This is not the first time that Gwadar has become a focus of attention. Study of history reveals that due to its distinctive geographical location, Gwadar has been an important port since ancient period. During the British times, Gwadar was considered an important outpost in the overall imperial strategy. In the 18th century Gwadar changed hands from the Khan of Kalat to the Sultan of Muscat and remained under the Sultan's rule until 1958 when Pakistan reclaimed the area through an agreement with the British. This papers brings to light some facts from the history of Gwadar which have never been published, and therefore, remain unknown. Gwadar has become an important node in the “Belt and Road” initiative proposed by the Chinese president. It will link South Asia, China, Central Asia, Middle East, Europe and Africa through a network of land and sea routes. And, contribute significantly towards the progress and prosperity of Pakistan, China and the entire region.

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