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Large-scale monitoring of shorebird populations using count data and N-mixture models: Black Oystercatcher (Haematopus bachmani) surveys by land and sea - Monitoreo a Gran Escala de Poblaciones de Aves Playeras mediante Datos de Conteo y Modelos de Mixturas: Censos de Haematopus bachmani en Tierra y Mar

Monitoreo a Gran Escala de Poblaciones de Aves Playeras mediante Datos de Conteo y Modelos de Mixturas: Censos de Haematopus bachmani en Tierra y Mar
James E. Lyons, J. Andrew Royle, Susan M. Thomas, Elise Elliott-Smith, Joseph R. Evenson, Elizabeth G. Kelly, Ruth L. Milner, David R. Nysewander and Brad A. Andres
The Auk
Vol. 129, No. 4 (October 2012), pp. 645-652
DOI: 10.1525/auk.2012.11253
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/auk.2012.11253
Page Count: 8
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Large-scale monitoring of shorebird populations using count data and N-mixture models: Black Oystercatcher (Haematopus bachmani) surveys by land and sea - Monitoreo a Gran Escala de Poblaciones de Aves Playeras mediante Datos de Conteo y Modelos de Mixturas: Censos de Haematopus bachmani en Tierra y Mar
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Abstract

Abstract Large-scale monitoring of bird populations is often based on count data collected across spatial scales that may include multiple physiographic regions and habitat types. Monitoring at large spatial scales may require multiple survey platforms (e.g., from boats and land when monitoring coastal species) and multiple survey methods. It becomes especially important to explicitly account for detection probability when analyzing count data that have been collected using multiple survey platforms or methods. We evaluated a new analytical framework, N-mixture models, to estimate actual abundance while accounting for multiple detection biases. During May 2006, we made repeated counts of Black Oystercatchers (Haematopus bachmani) from boats in the Puget Sound area of Washington (n = 55 sites) and from land along the coast of Oregon (n = 56 sites). We used a Bayesian analysis of N-mixture models to (1) assess detection probability as a function of environmental and survey covariates and (2) estimate total Black Oystercatcher abundance during the breeding season in the two regions. Probability of detecting individuals during boat-based surveys was 0.75 (95% credible interval: 0.42–0.91) and was not influenced by tidal stage. Detection probability from surveys conducted on foot was 0.68 (0.39–0.90); the latter was not influenced by fog, wind, or number of observers but was ~35% lower during rain. The estimated population size was 321 birds (262–511) in Washington and 311 (276–382) in Oregon. N-mixture models provide a flexible framework for modeling count data and covariates in large-scale bird monitoring programs designed to understand population change.

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