Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support

Molecular Systematics of the Red-Bellied and Golden-Fronted Woodpeckers - Sistemática Molecular del Grupo de los Carpinteros Melanerpes carolinus y M. aurifrons

Sistemática Molecular del Grupo de los Carpinteros Melanerpes carolinus y M. aurifrons
Erick A. García-Trejo, Alejandro Espinosa de los Monteros, Ma. del Coro Arizmendi and Adolfo G. Navarro-Sigüenza
The Condor
Vol. 111, No. 3 (August 2009), pp. 442-452
DOI: 10.1525/cond.2009.080017
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/cond.2009.080017
Page Count: 11
  • Download ($12.00)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Item Type
Article
References
If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support
Molecular Systematics of the Red-Bellied and Golden-Fronted Woodpeckers - Sistemática Molecular del Grupo de los Carpinteros Melanerpes carolinus y M. aurifrons
Preview not available

Abstract

Abstract The Red-bellied Woodpecker species group (Melanerpes carolinus and relatives) is composed of five morphologically similar species whose limits have been unclear. The relationship of the Golden-fronted Woodpecker (M. aurifrons) to the remainder of the group is particularly uncertain. We used mitochondrial DNA sequences to examine the phylogeny of this group and its close relatives. We sequenced 872 bp, including fragments of the genes for ND2, ND3, COIII, and tRNAmet, of 11 species of Melanerpes. We constructed trees from combined sequences by using the maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference approaches. We found that M. aurifrons is not monophyletic but rather consists of two clades, one comprising tropical populations (M. santacruzi), the other, consisting of northern populations, being sister to M. carolinus. The Caribbean species, M. superciliaris, is sister to the carolinus–aurifrons clade. The group as a whole appears to have diversified into multiple lineages in response to several episodes of vicariance, perhaps associated with glacial–interglacial cycles. As a result of these findings, major taxonomic changes in the group are needed.

Page Thumbnails