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Informed Consent in Human Subject Research: A Comparison of Current International and Nigerian Guidelines

Joseph O. Fadare and Corinna Porteri
Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: An International Journal
Vol. 5, No. 1 (March 2010), pp. 67-74
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc.
DOI: 10.1525/jer.2010.5.1.67
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/jer.2010.5.1.67
Page Count: 8
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Informed Consent in Human Subject Research: A Comparison of Current International and Nigerian Guidelines
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Abstract

Informed consent is a basic requirement for the conduct of ethical research involving human subjects. Currently, the Helsinki Declaration of the World Medical Association and the International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research of the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) are widely accepted as international codes regulating human subject research and the informed consent sections of these documents are quite important. Debates on the applicability of these guidelines in different socio-cultural settings are ongoing and many workers have advocated the need for national or regional guidelines. Nigeria, a developing country, has recently adopted its national guideline regulating human subject research: the National Health Research Ethics Committee (NHREC) code. A content analysis of the three guidelines was done to see if the Nigerian guidelines confer any additional protection for research subjects. The concept of a Community Advisory Committee in the Nigerian guideline is a novel one that emphasizes research as a community burden and should promote a form of "research friendship" to foster the welfare of research participants. There is also the need for a regular update of the NHREC code so as to address some issues that were not considered in its current version.

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