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Monoculture, Monopoly, and the Mexican Revolution: Tomás Garrido Canabal and the Standard Fruit Company in Tabasco (1920–1935)

Stan Ridgeway
Mexican Studies/Estudios Mexicanos
Vol. 17, No. 1 (Winter 2001), pp. 143-169
DOI: 10.1525/msem.2001.17.1.143
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/msem.2001.17.1.143
Page Count: 27
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Monoculture, Monopoly, and the Mexican Revolution: Tomás Garrido Canabal and the Standard Fruit Company in Tabasco (1920–1935)
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Abstract

While Tomás Garrido Canabal (Governor of Tabasco from 1920 to 1935) is generally portrayed as a rabidly anticlerical dictator, this article argues that we can gain much more insight into Garrido's regime if we examine how his policies evolved inresponse to Tabasco's status as amonocultural economy that depended on selling its bananas to the powerful Standard Fruit Company. If one appreciates the impact of the international business firm on the regional leader, then Garrido emerges not as a stereotypical Latin American strongman but rather as anastute politician with awell-conceived plan to improve conditions in his state. Si bien Tomás Garrido Canabal (governador de Tabasco desde 1920 hasta 1935) por lo general aparece retratado como un dictador fanáticamente anticlerical, este artículo propone que es posible profundizar más en su regimen si se examina cómo evolucionó su política en respuesta a la situación de Tabasco como una economía monocultural que dependía de la venta de bananas a la Standard Fruit Company. Sise logra medir elimpacto de esa firma internacional en ellíder regional, Garrido aparece no como el estereotipo del gobernante latinoamericano influyente sino como un político astuto con un plan bien concebido para mejorar las condiciones de su estado.

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