If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support

"What are You?": Explaining Identity as a Goal of the Multiracial Hapa Movement

Mary Bernstein and Marcie De la Cruz
Social Problems
Vol. 56, No. 4 (November 2009), pp. 722-745
DOI: 10.1525/sp.2009.56.4.722
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/sp.2009.56.4.722
Page Count: 24
  • Download PDF
  • Cite this Item

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:


Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support


This article uses the Hapa movement as a case study in order to provide a framework for understanding identity as a goal of social movements and to expand on a theoretical understanding of multiracial social movements. In contrast to current understandings of identity-based movements, this article argues that the Hapa movement seeks simultaneously to deconstruct traditional notions of (mono)racial identities and to secure recognition for a multiracial "Hapa" identity. Movements that have identity as a goal are motivated by activists' understandings of how categories are constituted and how those categories, codes, and ways of thinking serve as axes of regulation and domination. The Hapa movement simultaneously challenges (mono)racial categories at both the institutional level through targeting the state and at the micro level through challenging the quotidian enactment of race and promulgating a Hapa identity. Activism by mixed-race individuals and organizations constitutes an important challenge to power that has significant implications for racial categorization and classification in contemporary American society.

Page Thumbnails