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Journal Article

Interregional Inequalities, Convergence, and Growth in France from 1840 to 1911

Guillaume Bazot
Annals of Economics and Statistics
No. 113/114, SPECIAL ISSUE ON THE ECONOMICS OF TAXATION (June 2014), pp. 309-345
Published by: GENES on behalf of ADRES
DOI: 10.15609/annaeconstat2009.113-114.309
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.15609/annaeconstat2009.113-114.309
Page Count: 37
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Interregional Inequalities, Convergence, and Growth in France from 1840 to 1911
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Abstract

The “patente” was a business tax levied upon non-agricultural businesses in proportion to their presumed profitability. I use the amount of this tax to calculate non-agricultural value-added of French local districts (départements). I thus derive an approximation of gross domestic product per département for each decade from 1840 to 1910 using agricultural added value calculated by Toutain [1992]. I finally use this new data set to: (i) assess the evolution of inter-départemental inequalities and (ii) analyse GDP per capita convergence among départements. The results show that départements' GDP per capita dispersion slowly declines after 1890 whereas wealth concentration increases in the Paris region. JEL: N33, O47, R11. / KEY WORDS: GDP, Interregional Inequalities, Convergence, Growth.

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