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New Evidence of Ethnic and Gender Discriminations in the French Labor Market Using Experimental Data: A Ranking Extension of Responses from Correspondence Tests

Emmanuel Duguet, Loïc Du Parquet, Yannick L'horty and Pascale Petit
Annals of Economics and Statistics
No. 117-118, SPECIAL ISSUE ON THE ECONOMICS OF GENDER (June 2015), pp. 21-39
Published by: GENES on behalf of ADRES
DOI: 10.15609/annaeconstat2009.117-118.21
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.15609/annaeconstat2009.117-118.21
Page Count: 21
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New Evidence of Ethnic and Gender Discriminations in the French Labor Market Using Experimental Data: A Ranking Extension of Responses from Correspondence Tests
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Abstract

We extend the standard hiring discrimination measure by including the cases where several candidates are invited to the same interview. The new measure considers the order in which the employer will contact the candidates as opposed to considering only whether or not a job applicant is invited to an interview – a practice common in the previous literature. We propose to apply the first order stochastic dominance (FOSD) criterion to the ranking of the candidates, which appears to be especially relevant for hiring discrimination. We show theoretically that FOSD always implies a positive value for the standard discrimination coefficient used in the literature, and that the converse is false. We apply our analysis to a correspondence test that has been conducted in the Paris region. We sent 8 fictitious candidates with a Master's degree to the same 310 job offers in computing in order to measure gender and origin discrimination. We found that out of 28 possible comparisons there were 25 cases of stochastic dominance that we interpret as strong discrimination against some candidates. Discrimination is especially strong for French women with an African origin. JEL: C93, J16, J61, J71. / KEY WORDS: Gender, Origin, Hiring Discrimination, First Order Stochastic Dominance.

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