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Journal Article

Gender Differences in Careers

Antti Kauhanen and Sami Napari
Annals of Economics and Statistics
No. 117/118, SPECIAL ISSUE ON THE ECONOMICS OF GENDER (June 2015), pp. 61-88
Published by: GENES on behalf of ADRES
DOI: 10.15609/annaeconstat2009.117-118.61
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Page Count: 28
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Gender Differences in Careers
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We examine gender differences in careers using a large linked employer-employee dataset on Finnish white-collar manufacturing workers over the period of 1981–2006. Our focus is on labour market entrants whom we follow over time. We find that men start their careers from higher ranks of the hierarchy than do women, but the gender differences in education explain much of this gap. Men are also more likely to be promoted than are women, especially during their first years in the labour market, which amplifies the gender differences in hierarchical positions that are already apparent at labour market entry. Men earn higher starting wages than do women, while the results concerning gender differences in the returns to career progression are not clear-cut but depend on the type of career event and on the career phase. Overall, our results help in the understanding of the factors behind the large increase in the gender wage gap during workers' early career. JEL: J16, J24, J31, J62 / KEY WORDS: Careers, Internal Labour Markets, Promotions, Mobility, Wage Growth, Gender Wage Gap.

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