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Journal Article

The Impact of a Disability on Labour Market Status: A Comparison of the Public and Private Sectors

Thomas Barnay, Emmanuel Duguet, Christine Le Clainche, Mathieu Narcy and Yann Videau
Annals of Economics and Statistics
No. 119/120, SPECIAL ISSUE ON HEALTH AND LABOUR ECONOMICS (December 2015), pp. 39-64
Published by: GENES on behalf of ADRES
DOI: 10.15609/annaeconstat2009.119-120.39
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Page Count: 26
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The Impact of a Disability on Labour Market Status: A Comparison of the Public and Private Sectors
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This study analyses the causal effect of a disability on the subsequent labour market status by distinguishing between public and private employment in France. This study provides two original contributions. First, previous studies have not distinguished between the public and private sectors although the characteristics of these sectors are likely to affect the relationship between the occurrence of a disability and labour market status. Second, we implement a difference-in-differences approach combined with an exact and dynamic matching method, which has never been used to estimate the effect of a disability on labour market status. We use data from the “Santé et Itinéraire Professionnel” (SIP) survey conducted in France during the period 2006-2007. Our results indicate that the occurrence of a disability exerts a strong detrimental effect on private employment, but has no significant effect on public employment during the five years after its occurrence. Moreover, this public/private difference is explained neither by differences in the type of disability, nor by differences in the composition of the workforce employed in each sector. JEL: C33, C52, I10, J20, J31. / KEY WORDS: Disability, Private and Public Sectors, Career Paths, Difference in Differences Method with Exact Matching.

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