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“One Muslim is Enough!” Evidence from a Field Experiment in France

Claire L. Adida, David D. Laitin and Marie-Anne Valfort
Annals of Economics and Statistics
No. 121/122 (June 2016), pp. 121-160
Published by: GENES on behalf of ADRES
DOI: 10.15609/annaeconstat2009.121-122.121
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.15609/annaeconstat2009.121-122.121
Page Count: 40
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“One Muslim is Enough!” Evidence from a Field Experiment in France
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Abstract

Anti-Muslim prejudice is widespread in Western countries. Yet, Muslims are expected to constitute a growing share of the total population in these countries over the next decades. This paper suggests that this demographic trend, other factors held constant, will increase anti-Muslim prejudice. Relying on experimental games and a formal model, we find that French players with no recent immigrant background discriminate against Muslims when the proportion of Muslims in their midst increases. Further analysis provides tentative evidence that this discrimination is taste-based. JEL: A12, C90, D03, J15, J71, Z12. / KEY WORDS: Discrimination, Islam, France, Group Salience, Group Threat Theory, Intergroup Contact Theory.

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