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Cdn Annual Review 1967

Cdn Annual Review 1967

EDITED BY JOHN SAYWELL
Assistant Editor: Donald Forster
Copyright Date: 1968
Pages: 550
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/j.ctt2ttrqn
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  • Book Info
    Cdn Annual Review 1967
    Book Description:

    Convenient, authoritative, exceptionally readable and useful, its contents provide a dependable shortcut to the current history of Canada for a period hat cannot be dealt with fully by other references for many years.

    eISBN: 978-1-4426-7181-2
    Subjects: Political Science
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Table of Contents

Export Selected Citations
  1. Front Matter (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents (pp. v-x)
  3. Contributors (pp. xi-xii)
  4. Canadian Calendar (pp. xiii-xvi)
  5. PARLIAMENT AND POLITICS
    • Parliament and Politics (pp. 3-99)
      PAUL STEVENS and JOHN SAYWELL

      Centennial year was only a few minutes old when a bomb ripped open a mailbox in downtown Montreal. Was this the herald of things to come in 1967? The incident, however, was the only violence to mar the centennial festivities. But explosions in Quebec from Charles de Gaulle and René Lévesque had more profound and far-reaching implications for the future of Canada than the bombs of the FLQ. And after a century of accepting Confederation as an immutable if imperfect fact, English-speaking Canadians finally faced up to the reality that they must reach an accommodation with Quebec or end the...

    • The Provinces (pp. 100-200)
      FRED F. SCHINDELER, JEAN-CHARLES BONENFANT, DUNCAN FRASER, RICHARD WILBUR, THOMAS PETERSON, PAUL PHILLIPS, FRANK MacKINNON, NORMAN WARD, RICHARD E. BAIRD, LESLIE HARRIS and JIM LOTZ

      The importance that was attached to the 1967 session of the legislature resulted not so much from its legislative output as from the fact that it was a pre-election session. As John Dafoe put it in theGlobe and Mailon January 25, the day the session began: “No matter when the election is held … the campaign begins today.” By the time the legislature prorogued on June 15 after 92 sitting days, 31 private bills and 111 public bills had been passed (55 fewer than in the previous session), but none had attracted as much attention as the personalities...

  6. EXTERNAL AFFAIRS AND DEFENCE
    • External Affairs and Defence (pp. 203-276)
      THOMAS HOCKIN

      Centennial year for Canadian foreign policy was not without some real drama and importance. The importance, in one sense, was not unexpected. It was not surprising that an unprecedented number of heads of state arrived in Montreal for Expo 67 and in Ottawa for talks with government officials. It was not surprising that these distinguished visitors made generous tributes to Canada. Nor was it unusual that countless articles appeared in almost all of the foreign press introducing or reviewing Canada’s internal and external affairs. It should surprise no one that a nation celebrating its centennial feast with imaginative zest should,...

  7. THE NATIONAL ECONOMY
    • The National Economy (pp. 279-364)
      DONALD FORSTER

      The pace of economic activity slowed considerably during 1967, particularly after mid-year. Most observers were uneasy and cautious by the end of the year, and predictions of a somewhat smaller rise in gross national product during 1968 were common. GNP rose by approximately 6.6 per cent in 1967 compared with a 10.9 per cent increase the previous year, and most of the weakness in aggregate demand was the result of a sluggish capital investment program which fell even below the modest expectations set out in the annual survey of business intentions by the Department of Trade and Commerce. Consumer spending...

  8. LIFE AND LEISURE
    • Education (pp. 367-382)
      RALPH MITCHENER

      Centennial year saw the creation of the interprovincial Council of Ministers of Education, although its precise form was not made clear; rapid expansion of non-university, post-secondary education facilities in several provinces; a new form of federal involvement in education through distribution of centennial medallions and athletic proficiency awards in classrooms throughout the country; the centennial train and caravans; and Expo 67. All had one thing in common: some form of federal-provincial relationship (even if in education the relationship was considered by some as negative) led to their being. Their success—complete or partial, depending on the stage of their development—...

    • Health (pp. 383-389)
      F. B. ROTH

      In the health field, as in all other aspects of Canadian life, continual reference to the origins, the developments, and the future potentials of health-care services formed a major part of our centennial thoughts. Canadians realized that in a relatively short space of time man had mastered many of his environmental risks, had learned to repair the effects of disease and injury, and was now on the verge of replacing damaged or deteriorated organs. The various vital indices such as death rates and infant mortality rates indicate that the standard of Canadian health is high. But new problems are emerging,...

    • Welfare (pp. 390-402)
      DONALD F. BELLAMY

      The federal government entered centennial year having given every indication that new expenditures would be rigorously scrutinized both as to need and benefit. Recent Canadian experience with advanced financial budgeting and analysis, especially noticeable to welfare specialists in the Agricultural Rehabilitation and Development Act (ARDA) program, had become the desired approach to the determination of priorities and allocation of resources. As a part of modernization, although still rather dimly perceived, the future contained promise of a redefinition of the provision of income and services in social welfare. TheReport of the Royal Commission on Taxationoffered important proposals for change...

    • Science (pp. 403-415)
      JOAN POWERS RICKERD

      The years following Confederation witnessed the development of numerous scientific and technological achievements by many distinguished Canadians: Sir Sanford Fleming developed the system of international standard-time measurements; Thomas Ahern first cooked with electricity; Ernest Rutherford and Frederick Soddy, who jointly developed the disintegration theory of radioactivity in 1902–3, made McGill University the world centre for research in atomic science; William Frederick King, founder of the Dominion Observatory and the Geodetic Survey of Canada, supervised the beginnings of the triangulation system, a benchmark for surveys of all kinds.

      Many of Canada’s outstanding accomplishments have been linked with transportation and communication,...

    • Religion (pp. 416-431)
      KEN WINDSOR

      In 1967 the many manifestations of the ecumenical movement continued to dominate church life in Canada. During the year the Anglican and the United churches moved, not without real misgivings, in the direction of the most significant and imposing ecclesiastical union in the nation’s history.

      Early in the year, as recommended by thePrinciples of Union,twenty members from each church were chosen to sit on the General Commission on Union which replaced the original Committees of Ten. At the first meeting on March 29 the commission urged local and regional meetings between members of the two churches for purposes...

    • Mass Media (pp. 432-450)
      WILFRED KESTERTON

      The mass media shared in the irrepressible excitement of Canada’s centennial year. The pervasive mood of unashamed pride in unexpectedly splendid achievement surprised journalists just as it did their fellow Canadians. Press, radio, and television reported the nation’s festivities massively and well. Because the story was one of countrywide, persistent, and not always restrained happiness, the media enjoyed a year of euphoria that was part of Canada’s euphoria.

      Such a sense of journalistic well-being almost disguised the media’s problems during the year. The acrimonious channel 3 affair seemed almost unimportant to Canadians occupied with Expo and the centennial. The unpleasantness...

    • Drama: English Canada (pp. 451-456)
      ERIC S. RUMP

      The most durable impression made by centennial year on Canadian theatre was the number of new auditoriums that were built throughout the country. The grandest of these was the National Arts Centre, Ottawa, which was erected at the end of Confederation Square at a cost of more than $40 million. It included an opera house, a theatre, and an experimental theatre. Montreal gained three new theatres, ranging in size from the intimate Port-Royal to the 2,000-seat Expo Theatre, while a $7 million arts and cultural centre was opened at St. John’s, Newfoundland, in time to be host to the Dominion...

    • Le Théâtre de langue française (pp. 457-464)
      JACQUES VIGNEAULT

      Or, le Théâtre du nouveau monde avait transporté ses pénates rue Bleury dans la salle du Gesù pour nous offrir une production éblouissante,Le Soulier de satinde Paul Claudel. La somptuosité, la richesse, la grandeur de cette æuvre comparable aux grandes cathédrales du Moyen Age, ne pouvaient mieux convenir pour inaugurer de façon triomphale 1’année artistique de 1967.

      Entreprendre de monterLe Soulier de satin, action espagnole en plusieurs journées, ne devait pas être pour Jean-Louis Roux une mince aventure. Aux difficultés du texte s’ajoutaient celles de la mise en scène. Il fallait éviter qu’une si longue représentation engendre...

    • Music (pp. 465-479)
      KEITH MacMILLAN

      Throughout 1967 the centennial dominated music in Canada: Canadians were more conscious of the arts in general, and the various levels of government poured out subsidies in a manner undreamed of scarcely a dozen years before, not only through Expo and the Centennial Commission, but through increased appropriations to the Canada Council, provincial arts councils, and, more and more, city arts councils as well.

      The Saskatchewan Arts Board initiated a new summer school of fine arts at Fort Qu’Appelle and in the fall held its Saskatchewan Arts Festival in ten communities, touring such musicians as the Festival Singers of Toronto,...

    • Art (pp. 480-497)
      DAVID P. SILCOX

      The visual arts took a giant step forward in 1967: it was a year which gave more attention, support, and scope to creative artists than they had ever experienced before. The presentation of art in a variety of traditional and novel ways emphasized its interdependence with architecture, industrial and typographic design, city planning, and with film and television. Public art galleries and museums launched an ambitious program of exhibitions and events that explored our artistic past and present. Over four million Canadians visited these exhibitions and, perhaps, caught a notion of how the visual arts impinge upon education and leisure,...

    • Sport (pp. 498-506)
      SUSAN MERRY

      “Unity through sports” was the motto of the first Canadian Winter Games held in Quebec City, February 11–19. Conceived and organized by the Canadian Amateur Sports Federation, the games brought more than eighteen hundred athletes together for interprovincial competition. At the fifth Pan-American Games held in Winnipeg, fifteen world records were broken and four were equalled in two weeks of competition. In European zone Davis Cup play, Canada came within one point of upsetting England in three different matches. Widely regarded as a championship candidate for the first time in several years, Canada’s national hockey team again finished third...

  9. Obituaries (pp. 507-512)
  10. Index (pp. 513-536)