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Life and Death of a Bronze Age House: Excavation of Early Minoan I Levels at Priniatikos Pyrgos

Barry Molloy, Jo Day, Sue Bridgford, Valasia Isaakidou, Eleni Nodarou, Georgia Kotzamani, Marina Milić, Tristan Carter, Polly Westlake, Vera Klontza-Jaklova, Ellinor Larsson and Barbara J. Hayden
American Journal of Archaeology
Vol. 118, No. 2 (April 2014), pp. 307-358
DOI: 10.3764/aja.118.2.0307
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3764/aja.118.2.0307
Page Count: 52
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Life and Death of a Bronze Age House: Excavation of Early Minoan I Levels at Priniatikos Pyrgos
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Abstract

Abstract In 2010, a portion of a well-preserved domestic building dating to the later part of Early Minoan (EM) I was excavated at Priniatikos Pyrgos, east Crete. Though only a small portion of this house was available to investigate, there was clear evidence for several architectural and habitation phases. The final domestic activities were particularly well preserved because the building was deliberately destroyed in an event that included burning. There was a distinct and clearly defined ritual component to this event, including the decommissioning of household objects. Because of the rapid abandonment and destruction of this building, the excavated area contained well-preserved evidence for the character of use of the building in its final days. This preliminary discussion focuses primarily on this portion of the house and contextualizes it within the overall excavation at Priniatikos Pyrgos, its environs recorded in the Vrokastro Survey Project, and EM I Crete more generally. It provides detailed analyses of industrial, domestic, trade, and ritual activities through the study of stratigraphy, architecture, ceramics, faunal remains, plant remains, obsidian, metal, and plaster. It concludes with a discussion of the character of activity that took place when the building was abandoned. A free, downloadable appendix containing the online tables referenced in the text can be found under this article's abstract on the AJA website at http://www.ajaonline.org/field-report/1744.

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