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THE RISE OF A COMPLEX SOCIETY: New Evidence from Tel Megiddo East in the Late Fourth Millennium

Matthew J. Adams, Jonathan David, Robert S. Homsher and Margaret E. Cohen
Near Eastern Archaeology
Vol. 77, No. 1 (March 2014), pp. 32-43
DOI: 10.5615/neareastarch.77.1.0032
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5615/neareastarch.77.1.0032
Page Count: 12
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THE RISE OF A COMPLEX SOCIETY: New Evidence from Tel Megiddo East in the Late Fourth Millennium
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Abstract

From 1992 to 2010, the Tel Aviv University Megiddo Expedition excavated an unprecedented monumental temple complex dating to the Early Bronze Age I, ca. 3000 B.C.E. This Great Temple has proved not only to be among the largest construction projects in the Levant in its day, but has revealed surprising new evidence for a society capable of monumental architecture, central planning, and significant control of resources in the Jezreel Valley, Israel, not hitherto expected for the place and time. Since 2010, the Jezreel Valley Regional Project (JVRP) has been conducting archaeological research at the site of Tel Megiddo East, the nearby settlement responsible for the construction of the temple, and studying the broader landscape in order to elucidate how and why Megiddo and the Jezreel Valley witnessed an incredible leap forward in social, political, and architectural capabilities at the end of the fourth millennium B.C.E. This essay elaborates on both the Great Temple and the recent discoveries and ongoing work by the JVRP at Tel Megiddo East that put the temple in context.

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