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Monarchs on Horseback: The Role of Music at the Inauguration of Equestrian Statues in Portugal and Brazil

Alberto Joséé Vieira Pacheco
Portuguese Studies
Vol. 27, No. 2 (2011), pp. 138-158
DOI: 10.5699/portstudies.27.2.0138
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5699/portstudies.27.2.0138
Page Count: 21
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Monarchs on Horseback: The Role of Music at the Inauguration of Equestrian Statues in Portugal and Brazil
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Abstract

Abstract The great earthquake that took place in Lisbon, in 1755, had a great impact on artistic production in the Portuguese capital. In the years that followed the calamity there were clearly neither resources nor justification for large-scale public festivities. For this reason, though, the celebrations for the inauguration of the equestrian statue of the king, D. Joséé, in 1775, take on a special relevance. This first equestrian statue was the precursor to several others across the territory of the former Luso-Brazilian Empire, such as the two statues of D. Pedro IV of Portugal, the first emperor of Brazil, one in the city of Rio de Janeiro, the other in Porto. By means of an analysis of various historical documents, it is possible to discover the role of music at the inauguration of these three monuments, and understand how these musical compositions relate to, and represent, the socio-political realities of the time. Resumo O grande terramoto ocorrido em Lisboa, em 1755, teve grande influêência na produççãão artíística da capital portuguesa. Nos anos que se seguiram àà calamidade, nãão haveria certamente recursos e justificaççãão para grandes festejos púúblicos. Neste contexto, as celebraççõões para a inauguraççãão da estáátua equestre do rei D. Joséé I, em 1775, ganham especial relevâância. Esta primeira estáátua equestre deu origem a váárias outras no territóório do antigo impéério luso-brasileiro, como éé o caso de duas estáátuas de D. Pedro IV, uma na cidade do Rio de Janeiro e outra no Porto. Atravéés da anáálise de váários documentos históóricos, seráá possíível revelar o papel da múúsica na inauguraççãão destes trêês monumentos e entender como estas composiççõões dialogam com a realidade sóócio-políítica da éépoca e a representam.

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