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The Prospects for Increasing the Reuse of Digital Training Content

The Prospects for Increasing the Reuse of Digital Training Content

Michael G. Shanley
Matthew W. Lewis
Susan G. Straus
Jeff Rothenberg
Lindsay Daugherty
Copyright Date: 2009
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 142
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7249/mg732osd
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  • Book Info
    The Prospects for Increasing the Reuse of Digital Training Content
    Book Description:

    This study examined how the Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) Initiative might encourage the reuse of digital training content as a strategy to reduce the cost of its development. While findings highlighted a number of current challenges with the reuse option, one conclusion is that ADL can foster more reuse by taking a proactive approach in supporting training development organizations that are attempting to implement a reuse strategy.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4820-2
    Subjects: Education, Technology, Management & Organizational Behavior
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Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents (pp. v-viii)
  4. Figures (pp. ix-x)
  5. Tables (pp. xi-xii)
  6. Summary (pp. xiii-xxiv)
  7. Acknowledgments (pp. xxv-xxvi)
  8. Abbreviations (pp. xxvii-xxviii)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction (pp. 1-10)

    The Department of Defense (DoD) is interested in expanding the use of distributed learning (DL) for military training. DL not only offers learners the promise of greater flexibility by providing opportunities for self-paced learning and training at any time and in any place, but also increases the reach of training organizations by expanding the means and technologies available for developing and delivering training. DL also allows automated tracking of student performance and promises to help standardize course content.

    Although demand for DL is increasing, DL still represents a small percentage of all learning.¹ An important impediment is the high cost...

  10. CHAPTER TWO The Prevalence of Reuse and the Role of Standards and Technologies (pp. 11-22)

    This chapter focuses on the nature and extent of current reuse strategies, as well as on the importance of current reuse standards and technologies in implementing those strategies. Although standards and technologies were not a primary focus of our research, they are discussed here to provide perspective on our findings regarding ROI, incentives, and implementation, which are discussed in later chapters. The main points here are that RLO-based reuse is relatively rare, that this rarity is partially explained by the only recent emergence of reuse standards and technologies, and that greater maturity in both of these areas will take time...

  11. CHAPTER THREE Economic Incentives (pp. 23-52)

    This chapter considers the ROI that organizations have experienced in implementing their reuse strategy in the e-Learning context. While none of the organizations interviewed could cite specific ROI figures, most were comfortable making broad comparative statements about reuse. In addition, this chapter examines experience with reuse in a variety of contexts (e.g., e-Learning, distribution of other digital products, software in general, and materiel development) and the implications for DoD. Our goal was to identify factors that can explain success with a reuse strategy more generally and that can guide others in considering reuse designs for e-Learning in the future.

    On...

  12. CHAPTER FOUR Disincentives to Sharing (pp. 53-64)

    This chapter considers potential disincentives to reuse that arise within larger TD organizations or industries. Disincentives can become obstacles to reuse, whether they arise from stakeholder reluctance to share learning objects or to reuse content created by others. Our analysis drew both from the study’s interviews with TD organizations and from the literature of KM, which has a longer history of addressing obstacles to the production and sharing of intellectual assets.

    Our overall conclusion about disincentives is that they are currently of secondary importance to stakeholders as obstacles to reuse in the e-Learning context but could threaten future successes. We...

  13. CHAPTER FIVE Implementation Issues (pp. 65-82)

    This chapter analyzes issues related to implementing a reuse strategy within a TD organization. Our analysis drew from our interviews with TD organizations and the literature on both change management (as it applies to e-Learning) and interorganizational collaboration.

    Our findings indicate that organizations are still early in the process of implementing reuse strategies, despite their relatively long interest in such a strategy. We found that implementation obstacles were, as per our original hypothesis, more important than were technical and incentive issues in determining levels of reuse. Our overall conclusion in this area is that processes to support reuse require extensive...

  14. CHAPTER SIX Overall Recommendations (pp. 83-86)

    ADL should aid the development of the learning object economy by focusing on what we have determined is a key enabler—the perceived value of reuse. ADL can provide this service by helping to determine the true potential for reuse, by identifying conditions leading to reuse’s greatest payoff, and by increasing support to early adopters of reuse. Our recommended approaches for ADL are to

    Broaden the definitions of reuse and redefine success using metrics and surveys.

    Invest in high-profile pilots to identify conditions with the highest potential payoffs for reuse.

    Conduct or sponsor research to evolve guidelines for implementing reuse...

  15. APPENDIX A Case Study Results (pp. 87-94)
  16. APPENDIX B Interview Protocol and Questions (pp. 95-106)
  17. References (pp. 107-114)