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A Companion to Latin American Film

A Companion to Latin American Film

Stephen M. Hart
Series: Monografías A
Copyright Date: 2004
Edition: NED - New edition
Published by: Boydell & Brewer, Tamesis
Pages: 236
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7722/j.ctt9qdnt2
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    A Companion to Latin American Film
    Book Description:

    Latin American cinema has seen major developments in the past half-century, and some of the most exciting work in contemporary film now originates there. This Companion traces its development from the mid 1890s, with particular attention to the early period when it was dominated by foreign film makers (or foreign models such as Hollywood), through the 1960s when as a genre it found its feet - the New Latin American Cinema movement - and beyond. Detailed analysis of the best twenty-five films of Latin America follows: cast and crew, awards, plots, themes and techniques. The 'Guide to Further Reading' includes important books, articles and Internet sites. FILMS: Que viva México Los olvidados Dos tipos de cuidado Orfeu Negro Memorias del subdesarrollo Lucía El chacal de Nahueltoro Yawar Mallku La batalla de Chile La última cena Pixote: a lei do mais fraco El Norte Camila La historia oficial Cartas del parque La tarea Yo, la peor de todas La frontera El viaje Fresa y chocolate Como agua para chocolate Central do Brasil Amores perros Y tu mamá también Cidade de Deus. STEPHEN M. HART is Professor of Hispanic Studies, University College London, and Profesor Honorario, Universidad de San Marcos, Lima.

    eISBN: 978-1-84615-278-8
    Subjects: Film Studies
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Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents (pp. v-v)
  3. List of plates (pp. vi-vi)
  4. PROLOGUE: COMPANION TO LATIN AMERICAN FILM (pp. vii-viii)

    This companion to Latin American film seeks to provide an introduction to the development of Latin American film over the last seventy years via an analysis of the most salient examples of the genre. For this reason, twenty-five films have been chosen, and in each case, some background information about the film – including cast and crew, as well as the basics of the plot – has been provided before the analysis of a discrete set of ideas, themes, and devices is provided. The pattern is similar in each case, although not uniformly so. Some essays focus more on camerawork...

  5. INTRODUCTION TO LATIN AMERICAN FILM (pp. 1-16)

    Latin American film has developed in a unique way over the past one hundred years. Thecinématographe– an early moving image projector to which we owe the word ‘cinema’ itself – was given its first commercial demonstration by two brothers, Auguste and Louis Lumière in the Grand Café, Paris, on 28 December 1895. Given its portability – it weighed less than 20 pounds – the Lumière brothers sent their cameramen around the world to give demonstrations of their new invention. In Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the first screening of what was then called the ‘Omnigrapho’ took place on 8...

  6. 1 ¡QUÉ VIVA MÉXICO! (LONG LIVE MEXICO, 1931), DIRECTED BY SERGEI EISENSTEIN (pp. 17-24)

    Director: Sergei Eisenstein

    Co-director/producer: Grigory Alexandrov

    Director of photography: Edouard Tissé

    Qué viva México, 1979: Grigory Alexandrov and Nikita Orlov

    Mexican Fantasy, 1998: Oleg Kovalov

    The following film analysis is mainly based on the 1979 reconstruction of the original film by Grigory Alexandrov, the co-director of the film in 1931 (see Seton, p. 228) and Nikita Orlov, based on the original print materials now owned by Mosfilm Studios. Alexandrov had worked with Eisenstein on earlier films such asOctober(Leyda, p. 223). Also included is a brief discussion of Oleg Kovalov’s creative re-writing of the film footage entitledMexican Fantasy...

  7. 2 LOS OLVIDADOS (THE YOUNG AND THE DAMNED, 1950), DIRECTED BY LUIS BUÑUEL (pp. 25-32)

    Jaibo, played by Roberto Cobo

    Pedro, played by Alfonso Mejía

    Carmelo (the Blind Man), played by Miguel Inclán

    Marta (Pedro’s mother), played by Estella India

    Meche, played by Alma Delia Fuentes

    Julián, played by Javier Amézcua

    Judge, played by Héctor López Portillo

    Poxy, played by Efraín Arauz

    Ojitos (Little-eyes), played by Mario Ramírez

    Reform School Director, played by Francisco Jambrina

    Editor: Carlos Savage

    Art Directors: Edward Fizgerald, W.W. Claridge

    Music: Rodolfo Halfter; themes by Gustavo Pittalunga

    Sound: José B. Carles

    Production: Ultramar Films, Oscar Dancingers

    Photography: Gabriel Figueroa

    Script: Luis Buñuel, Luis Alcoriza

    Assistant Director: Ignacio Villareal

    Director: Luis Buñuel...

  8. 3 DOS TIPOS DE CUIDADO (TWO TYPES OF CARE, 1952), DIRECTED BY ISMAEL RODRÍGUEZ (pp. 33-39)

    Jorge Bueno, played by Jorge Negrete

    Pedro Infante, played by Pedro Infante

    Rosario, played by Carmen González

    María (Jorge’s sister), played by Yolanda Varela

    General, played by José Elías Moreno

    Don Elías, played by Carlos Orellana

    Genoveva, played by Queta Levant

    Doctor, played by Arturo Soto Rangel

    Josefa (Pedro’s mother), played by Mimí Derba

    Cinematography: Ismael Carlos Rodríguez

    Photography: Nacho Torres, Humberto Daniel López

    Photography assistants: Ignacio Romero, Pablo Ríos

    Sound: James L. Fields

    Dialogue recording: José B. Carlos

    Editing: Gloria Schoemann

    Editing assistant: Pedro Velázquez

    Scenography: José Rodríguez G.

    Special Effects: Jorge Benavides

    Producer: Antonio Guillermo Tello

    Assistant Director:...

  9. 4 ORFEU NEGRO (BLACK ORPHEUS, 1959), DIRECTED BY MARCEL CAMUS (pp. 40-46)

    Orfeu, played by Breno Mello

    Eurydice, played by Marpessa Dawn

    Death, played by Adhemar da Silva

    Mira, played by Lourdes de Oliveira

    Serafina, played by Lèa Garcia

    Hermes, played by Alexandro Constantino

    Chico Boto, played by Waldetar de Souza

    Benedito, played by Jorge dos Santos

    Zeca, played by Aurino Cassanio

    Director: Marcel Camus

    Production Companies: Dispat Film / Gemma / Cinematografica / Tupan Filmes

    Producer: Sacha Gordine

    Production Manager: Jacques Gibault

    Music: Luis Bonfá, Antonio Carlos Jobim

    Screenplay: Vinitius de Morães, based on his play

    Photography: Jean Bourgoin

    Editor: Andrée Feix

    Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film, Academy of Motion...

  10. 5 MEMORIAS DEL SUBDESARROLLO (MEMORIES OF UNDERDEVELOPMENT, 1968), DIRECTED BY TOMÁS GUTIÉRREZ ALEA (pp. 47-53)

    Sergio, played by Sergio Corrieri

    Elena, played by Daisy Granados

    Pablo, played by Omar Valdés

    Noemí, played by Eslinda Núñez

    Laura, played by Beatriz Ponchera

    Elena’s brother, played by René de la Cruz

    Yolanda Far

    Ofelia González

    José Gil Abada

    Daniel Jordán

    Luis López

    Rafael Sosa

    Screenplay: Tomás Gutiérrez Alea, based on novelInconsolable Memoriesby Edmundo Desnoes

    Photography: Ramón F. Suárez

    Editor: Nelson Rodríguez

    Music: Leo Brouwer

    Conductor: Manuel Duchesne Cuzán

    Director: Tomás Gutiérrez Alea

    Produced by: the Cuban Film Institute

    Winner, Best Foreign Language Film, XVI International Film Festival, Karlovy Vary, Czechoslovakia, 1968

    Winner, Sirena Prize, Critics’ Club,...

  11. 6 LUCÍA (1968), DIRECTED BY HUMBERTO SOLÁS (pp. 54-61)

    1895: Raquel Revuelta, Eduardo Mouré

    1932: Eslinda Núñez

    196‥: Adela Legra, Adolfo Llaurado, Idalia Andreus (playing Fernandina), Hermina Sánchez, Silvia Planas, Flora Lauten, María Elena Molinet, Rogelio Blain, Tete Vergara, Flavo Claderín, Aramais Delgado

    Ingrid González, Fernando González, Isabel Moreno, Piedad Zurbanán, Carmelina García, Antonio Cruz, Rafael González, Nancy Rodríguez, Julio Prieto, Farida Hernández, Eulalia Falcón, Aída Busto, Raul Eguren, Amelita Pita, Jesús Hernández, Alicia Agramonte, Olga González, Marta Llovío, Celia Quiñones, Elsa Cárdenas, Eva Pedroso, Aída Conde, Elisa Valdés, Mireyra Bello, Marta Valdés

    Scenography: Pedro García Espinosa, Roberto Miqueli

    Construction Manager: Eduardo Lawrence

    Dress Designer: María Elena Molinet

    Clothes:...

  12. 7 EL CHACAL DE NAHUELTORO (THE JACKAL OF NAHUELTORO, 1969), DIRECTED BY MIGUEL LITTÍN (pp. 62-68)

    El chacal, played by Nelson Villagra

    Rosa, played by Shenda Román

    Priest, played by Héctor Noguera

    Marcelo Romo

    Luis Alarcón

    Pedro Villagra

    Luis Melo

    Ruben Sotoconil

    Rafael Benavente

    Roberto Navarrete

    Production: Luis Cornejo, Luis Alarcón

    Sound: Jorge Di Lauro

    Music: Sergio Ortega

    Editing: Pedro Chaskei

    Photography: Héctor Ríos

    Scriptwriter/Director: Miguel Littín

    Produced by: Cine Chileno

    Awarded prize for best documentary at the Latin American Film Festival held in Viña del Mar, Chile, in 1969

    The documentary – filmed in black and white – opens with footage of the Jackal of Nahueltoro being led away by police; the mob around are...

  13. 8 YAWAR MALLKU: LA SANGRE DEL CÓNDOR (THE BLOOD OF THE CONDOR, 1969), DIRECTED BY JORGE SANJINÉS (pp. 69-76)

    Ignacio Mallku (played by Marcelino Yanahuaya, communal leader of Kaata)

    Paulina Yanahuaya (played by Benedicta Huanaca, a miner from Huanuni)

    Sixto (played by Vicente Vernero, a miner from Huanani)

    Director: Jorge Sanjinés

    Scriptwriter: Oscar Soria

    Cinematography: Antonio Eguino

    Music: Alberto Villalpando

    Producer: Ricardo Rada for Ukamau

    Winner, Best Foreign Film, George Sadoul Award, Paris, 1969

    Winner, Gran Premio Espiga de Oro, Valladolid, Spain, 1970

    Jury Selection, San Francisco International Film Festival, 1970

    Voted 59th most historically significant film by UNESCO

    Ignacio and his wife, Paulina, have lost their three children and they walk to the top of a hill to...

  14. 9 LA BATALLA DE CHILE (THE BATTLE OF CHILE, 1975–1979), DIRECTED BY PATRICIO GUZMÁN (pp. 77-82)

    Assistant Producers: Patricia Boero, Alicia Crespo, Jorge Sánchez

    Modernised version: Luis Matti, Sergio Pérez, Molinari S.A.

    Film Teams: Pablo de la Barra. Productora América Proa

    Archive: Hayowsky and Sceunmann Studios, Noticiario Chile Films; Cuban Film Institute Archive, Pedro Chaskel, the reviewChile Hoy, ISKRA

    Editing and credits: Jorge Pucheux, Delia Quesada, Eusebio Ortiz, Alberto Valdés, Ricardo López

    Narrator: Abilo Fernández

    Sound Engineer: Carlos Fernández

    Filmset Managers: Ramón Torrado, José León, Juan Demosthene

    Main consultants: Paloma Guzmán, Lilian Indseth, Gastón Ancelovici, Juan José Mendi, Harald Edelstran, Roberto Matta

    Script consultants: Pedro Chaskel, José Bartolomé, Julio García Espinosa, Federico Elton, María Harnecher,...

  15. 10 LA ÚLTIMA CENA (THE LAST SUPPER, 1977), DIRECTED BY TOMÁS GUTIÉRREZ ALEA (pp. 83-90)

    The Count, played by Nelson Villagra

    Silvano Rey, Luis Alberto García, José A. Rodríguez, Samuel Claxton, Mario Balsameda, Idelfonso Tamayo, Julio Hernández, Tito Junco, Andrés Cortina, Manuel Puig, Francisco Borroto, Alfredo O’Farril, Mario Acea, Peki Pérez, Mirta Ibarra, José Díaz, Elio Mesa, Luis Salvador Romero, Leandro M. Espinosa

    Director: Tomás Gutiérrez Alea

    Director’s assistants: Constante Diego, Zita Morrina, and Roberto Viña

    Script: Tomás Gutiérrez Alea

    Screenplay: Tomás González and Tomás Gutiérrez Alea, with collaboration from María Eugenia Haya and Constante Diego

    Director of Photography: Mario García Joya

    Camera operators: Mario García Joya, Julio Valdés

    Music: Leo Brouwer

    Sound: Germinal Hernánez...

  16. 11 PIXOTE: A LEI DO MAIS FRACO (PIXOTE: THE LAW OF THE WEAKEST, 1980), DIRECTED BY HÉCTOR BABENCO (pp. 91-98)

    Pixote, played by Fernando Ramos da Silva

    Sapato, played by Jordel Filho

    Dito, played by Gilberto Moura

    Chico, played by Edilson Lino

    Garatão, played by Claudio Bernardo

    Lilica, played by Jorge Juliano

    Fumaça, played by Zenildo Oliveira

    Deborah, played by Elke Maravilha

    Sueli, played by Marília Pêra

    Almir (the Policeman), played by João José Pompeo

    Judge, played by Rubens de Faldo

    Psychologist, played by Isadora de Farias

    Screenplay: Héctor Babenco and Jorge Durán, based on novelInfância dos mortosby José Louzeiro

    Photography: Rodolfo Sancho

    Producer: Luiz Elias

    Music: John Neschling

    Executive Producer: Silvia Naves

    Associate Producers: Paolo Francini, José...

  17. 12 EL NORTE (THE NORTH, 1983), DIRECTED BY GREGORY NAVA (pp. 99-106)

    Rosa, played by Zaide Silvia Gutiérrez

    Enrique, played by David Villapando

    Arturo Xuncax (Rosa’s father), played by Ernesto Gómez Cruz

    Lupe Xuncax (Rosa’s mother), played by Alicia del Lago

    Nacha, played by Lupe Ontiveros

    Pedro, played by Eradio Zepeda

    Josefita, played by Stella Quan

    Monty, played by Trinidad Silva

    Raimundo, played by Abel Franco

    Jaime, played by Mike Gomez

    Ed, played by John Martin

    Joel, played by Ronald Jospeh

    Bruce, played by Larry Cedar

    Karen, played by Sheryl Bernstein

    Len, played by Gregory Enton

    Carlos, played by Tony Plana

    Jorge, played by Enrique Castillo

    Screenplay: Gregory Nava and Anna Thomas...

  18. 13 CAMILA (1984), DIRECTED BY MARÍA LUISA BEMBERG (pp. 107-115)

    Camila, played by Susú Pecoraro

    Ladislao, played by Imanol Arias, and dubbed by Lellio Incrocci

    La Perichona (Camila’s grandmother), played by Mona Maris

    Adolfo (Camila’s father), played by Héctor Alterio

    Elena Tasisto, Carlos Muñoz, Héctor Pellegrini, Juan Leyrado, Cecilio Madanés, Claudio Gallardou, Boris Rubaja

    Alberto Busaid, Lidia Catalano, Zelmar Gueñol, Jorge Hacker, Carlos Marchi, Roxana Berco, Alejandra Colunga, Alejandro Marcial, Oscar Núñez, Jorge Ochoa, Fernando Iglesias (Tacholas)

    Director: María Luisa Bemberg

    Screenplay: María Luisa Bemberg, Beda Docampo Feijoo, and Juan Bautista Stagnaro

    Cinematography: Fernando Arribas

    Editing: Luis César D’Angiolillo

    Art Directors: Miguel Rodríguez and Esmeralda Almonacid

    Assistant Director: Alberto Lecchi...

  19. 14 LA HISTORIA OFICIAL (THE OFFICIAL VERSION, 1984), DIRECTED BY LUIS PUENZO (pp. 116-124)

    Alicia, played by Norma Aleandro

    Gaby, played by Analfa Castro

    Roberto, played by Héctor Alterio

    Benítez, played by Patricio Contreras

    Ana, played by Chunchuna Villafane

    Macchi, played by Jorge Petraglia

    Father Ismael, played by Leal Rey

    Enrique, played by Hugo Arana

    Sara, played by Chela Ruiz

    Director: Luis Puenzo

    Screenplay: Aída Bortnik, Luis Puenzo

    Administration: Carlos Fernández

    Technical Supervisor: Orlando Rodríguez

    Production Chief: Carlos Latreyte

    Assistant Director: Raúl Outeda

    Scenography: Abel Facello

    Wardrobe: Ticky García Estevez

    Make-up: Blanca Olavego

    Camera: Héctor Morini

    Sound: Abelardo Kuschuir

    Mixing: Juan Carlos Macías

    Photography: Félix Monti

    Production Manager: Marcelo Piñeyro

    Associate Producer: Progress Communications...

  20. 15 CARTAS DEL PARQUE (LETTERS IN THE PARK, 1989), CO-DIRECTED BY TOMÁS GUTIÉRREZ ALEA AND GABRIEL GARCÍA MÁRQUEZ (pp. 125-132)

    Pedro, played by Víctor Laplace

    María, played by Ivonne López

    Juan, played by Miguel Paneque

    Prostitute, played by Mirta Ibarra

    René Simon, played by Adolfo Llaurado

    Elio Mesa, Paula Alí, Amelia Pita, Dagobero Gainza, José Pelayo, Raúl Eguren, Jorge Alí, Daniel Jordan, Justo Fonseca, Pedro Fernández, Peggy Gómez, Miriam Dávila, Ileana Leyva, Elvira Valdés, José Hernández, Esteban Saldiguera

    Director: Tomás Gutiérrez Alea

    Director’s assistant: Ana Rodríguez

    Plot: Gabriel García Márquez

    Screenplay: Eliseo Alberto, Tomás Gutiérrez Alea and Gabriel García Márquez

    Additional texts: Eliseo Diego

    Photography: Mario García Joya

    Camera: Mario García Joya

    Music: Gonzalo Rubalcaba

    Sound: Germinal Hernández

    Editing: Miriam...

  21. 16 LA TAREA (HOMEWORK, 1989), DIRECTED BY JAIME HUMBERTO HERMOSILLO (pp. 133-137)

    Virginia, played by María Rojo

    Marcelo, played by José Alonso

    Director: Jaime Humberto Hermosillo

    Produced by: Clasa Films Mundiales, S.A.

    Executive Producer: Lourdes Rivera

    Producers: Pablo and Francisco Barbachano

    Cinematography: Tony Kuhn

    Sound: Nerio Barberis

    Art Director: Laura Santa Cruz

    Songs: ‘Bonita’ and ‘Superstición’ by Luis Arcaraz; ‘Momento’ by Los Hermanos Martínez Gil

    Set in a middle-class apartment in Mexico. We see a woman dressed in black tights and a red skirt concealing a camera under a table in the front room. A man arrives. From their conversation it transpires that she is a woman living on her own, he...

  22. 17 YO, LA PEOR DE TODAS (I, THE WORST OF ALL, 1990), DIRECTED BY MARÍA LUISA BEMBERG (pp. 138-144)

    Sor Juana, played by Assumpta Serna; voice dubbed by Cecilia Roth

    The Vicereine, played by Dominique Sanda

    The Viceroy, played by Héctor Alterio

    Archbishop, played by Lauturo Murúa

    Sor Úrsula, elected abbess, played by Graciela Araujo

    Bishop Santa Cruz, played by Alberto Segado

    Miranda, sor Juana’s confessor, played by Franklin Caicedo

    Screenplay: María Luisa Bemberg, Antonio Larreta

    Director’s assistant: Marcello Rembado

    Production Managers: Marta Paga, Miriam Bendjuia

    Camera: Jorge Guillerno Behnisch

    Setting: Esmeralda Almonacid

    Wardrobe: Graciela Galán

    Sound: Jorge Stavropulos

    Music: Luis María Serra

    Editing: Juan Carlos Macías

    Design: Voytek

    Photography Director: Félix Monti

    Executive Producer: Gilbert Marouani

    Producer: Lita...

  23. 18 LA FRONTERA (THE FRONTIER, 1991), DIRECTED BY RICARDO LARRAÍN (pp. 145-153)

    Ramiro Orellana, played by Patricio Contreras

    Maite, played by Gloria Lasso

    Diver’s assistant, played by Eugenio Morales

    Diver, played by Aldo Bernales

    Hilda, played by Griselda Núñez

    Father Patricio, played by Héctor Noguera

    Secretary, played by Sergio Scmied

    Detective, played by Aníbal Reyna

    Elsa, played by Elsa Poblete

    Director: Ricardo Larraín

    Screenplay: Jorge Goldemberg and Ricardo Larraín

    Producer: Eduardo Larraín

    Executive Producers: Eduardo Larraín, Ricardo Larraín

    Photography: Héctor Ríos

    Costume Designer: Susan Bertram

    Production Designer: Jane Stewart

    Editor: Claudio Martínez

    Sound: Miguel Hormazabal

    Music: Jaime de Aguirre

    Art Director: Juan Carlos Castillo

    Production Director: Mara Sánchez

    Head of Production: Alvaro...

  24. 19 EL VIAJE (1991) THE VOYAGE, DIRECTED BY FERNANDO SOLANAS (pp. 154-161)

    Martín, played by Walter Quiróz

    Vidala (mysterious silent girl), played by Soledad Alfaro

    Celador Salas, played by Ricardo Bartis

    Violeta (girlfriend in Ushuai), played by Cristian Becerra

    Wayta (Peruvian girlfriend), played by Liliana Flores

    Helena (Martín’s mother), played by Dominique Sanda

    Nicolás (Martín’s father), played by Marc Berman

    Paizinho, played by Chiquinho Brandao

    Tito the Hopegiver, played by Carlos Carella

    Américo inconcluso, played by Kike Mendive

    Martín’s musician friend, played by Fito Páez

    Director: Fernando Solanas

    Producers: Envar El Kadri, Fernando Solanas

    Executive Producers: Assunção Hernandes, Djamila Olivesi, Luis Figueroa, Grazi Rade

    Screenplay: Fernando Solanas

    Cinematography: Félix Monti

    Sound: Aníbal...

  25. 20 FRESA Y CHOCOLATE (STRAWBERRY AND CHOCOLATE, 1993), DIRECTED BY TOMÁS GUTIÉRREZ ALEA (pp. 162-170)

    Diego, played by Jorge Perugorría

    David, played by Vladimir Cruz

    Nancy, played by Mirta Ibarra

    Germán, played by Joel Angelino

    Director: Tomás Gutiérrez Alea and Juan Carlos Tabío

    Director’s assistant: Mayra Segura

    Screenplay: Senel Paz

    Photography: Mario García Joya

    Cameras: Mario García Joya and Ernesto Granados

    Music: José María Vitier

    Sound: Germinal Hernández

    Editing: Miriam Talavera, Osvaldo Donatién

    Set: Fernando Pérez O’Reilly

    Costume Design: Miriam Dueñas

    Make-up: Graciela Crossas

    Producer: Miguel Mendoza

    Silver Bear, XXIV International Film Festival, Berlin, 1993

    First Prize, Director (Tomás Gutiérrez Alea), Best Actor (Jorge Perugorría), Best Female Backing Role (Mirta Ibarra), International Film Festival, Havana,...

  26. 21 COMO AGUA PARA CHOCOLATE (LIKE WATER FOR CHOCOLATE, 1993), DIRECTED BY ALFONSO ARAU, BASED ON THE NOVEL OF THE SAME NAME BY LAURA ESQUIVEL (pp. 171-178)

    Tita, played by Lumi Cavazos

    Doña María Elena, played by Regina Tome

    Pedro Muzquiz, played by Rodolfo Arias

    Chencha, played by Pilar Aranda

    John, played by Mario Iván Martínez

    Screenplay: Laura Esquivel

    Music: Leo Brower

    Setting: Denisse Pizzini, Marco Antonio Arteaga, and Mauricio Aguinaco

    Editing: Carlos Bolado, Francisco Chiu

    Photography: Emmanuel Lubeski, Steve Berstein

    Producer: Alfonso Arau

    Director: Alfonso Arau

    Winner, eleven awards (all categories), Mexican Academy of Motion Pictures, 1993

    Nominee, Golden Globe, 1993

    Nominee, British Academy Award, 1993

    Esperanza, Tita’s niece, recalls the birth of her aunt, Tita, to doña Elena on the kitchen table in Rio Grande...

  27. 22 CENTRAL DO BRASIL (CENTRAL STATION, 1998), DIRECTED BY WALTER SALLES (pp. 179-185)

    Dora, played by Fernanda Montenegro

    Josué, played by Vinícius De Oliveira

    Ana (Josué’s mother), played by Soia Lira

    Irene, played by Marília Pêra

    Pedrão, played by Otávio Augusto

    Moisés (Josué’s half-brother), played by Caio Junqueira

    Isaías (Josué’s half-brother), played by Matheus Nachtergaele

    Production Designers: Cassio Amarante, Carla Caffe

    Cinematographer: Walter Carvalho

    Editors: Isabelle Rathery, Felipe Lacerda

    Music: Antonio Pinto, Jacques Morelenbaum

    Screenwriters: João Emanuel Carneiro, Marcos Bernstein

    Associate Producers: Paulo Brito, Jack Gajos

    Executive Producers: Lillian Birnbaum, Thomas Garvin, Donald Ranvaud

    Producers: Martine de Clermont-Tonnerre, Arthur Cohn

    Director: Walter Salles

    Golden Bear, Berlin International Film Festival, 1999

    Silver Condor, Best...

  28. 23 AMORES PERROS (LOVE’S A BITCH, 2000), DIRECTED BY ALEJANDRO GONZÁLEZ IÑÁRRITU (pp. 186-194)

    Octavio, played by Gael García Bernal

    Susana, played by Vanessa Bauche

    Daniel, played by Alvaro Guerrero

    Valeria, played by Goya Toledo

    Jorge, played by Humberto Busto

    Luis Miranda Solares, played by Jorge Salinas

    Ramiro, played by Marco Pérez

    Gustavo Garfias, played by Rodrigo Murray

    Leonardo, played by Jose Sefamí

    El Chivito, played by Emilio Echeverría

    Andrés, played by Ricardo Dalmacci

    Executive Producers: Martha Sosa Elizondo, Francisco González Compeán

    Photography: Rodrigo Prieto

    Production Designer: Brigitte Broch

    Wardrobe: Gabriela Diaque

    Casting Director: Manuel Teil

    Original Music: Gustavo Santaolalla

    Production Director: Tita Lombardo

    Editors: Alejandro González Iñárritu, Luis Carballar, Fernando Pérez Unda

    Audio...

  29. 24 Y TU MAMÁ TAMBIÉN (AND YOUR MOTHER TOO, 2001), DIRECTED BY ALFONSO CUARÓN (pp. 195-202)

    Julio Zapata, played by Gael García Bernal

    Tenoch Iturbide, played by Diego Luna

    Luisa Cortés, played by Maribel Verdú

    Ana Morelos, played by Ana López Morelos

    Alejandro ‘Jano’ Montes de Oca, played by Juan Carlos Remolina

    Manuel Huerta, played by Nathan Grinberg

    María Eugenia Calles de Huerta, played by Verónica Langer

    Cecilia Huerta, played by María Aura

    Nicole Bazaine, played by Giselle Audirac

    Esteban Morelos, played by Arturo Ríos

    Diego ‘Saba’ Madero, played by Andrés Almedia

    Silvia Allende de Iturbide, played by Diana Bracho

    Miguel Iturbide, played by Emilio Echeverría

    Enriqueta ‘Queta’ Allende, played by Marta Aura

    Leodegaria ‘Leo’ Victoria,...

  30. 25 CIDADE DE DEUS (CITY OF GOD, 2002), DIRECTED BY FERNANDO MEIRELLES (pp. 203-210)

    Buscapé (Rocket), as a boy, played by Alexandre Rodrigues

    Buscapé (Rocket), as a man, played by Luis Otávio

    Zé Pequeno (Li’l Zé), played by Leandro Fermino da Hora

    Dadinho (Li’l Dice), played by Douglas Silva

    Bené (Benny), as a child, played by Michel de Souza

    Bené (Benny), as a man, played by Phellipe Haagensen

    Cabeleira (Shaggy), played by Jonathan Haagensen

    Mané Galinha (Goose), played by Seu Jorge

    Barbatinho, as a boy, played by Emerson Gomes

    Barbatinho, as a man, played by Edson Oliveira

    Cabecão (Knockout Ned), played by Mauricio Marques

    Sandro Cenoura (Carrot), played by Matheus Nachtergaele

    Tio Sam (Uncle...

  31. GUIDE TO FURTHER READING (pp. 211-215)
  32. GLOSSARY (pp. 216-217)
  33. SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY (pp. 218-224)
  34. Index (pp. 225-227)
  35. Back Matter (pp. 228-228)