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State Disintegration and Ethnic Conflict: A Framework for Analysis
Richard H. Shultz, Jr.
The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Vol. 541, Small Wars (Sep., 1995), pp. 75-88
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc. in association with the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1048276
Page Count: 14
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With the end of the Cold War, the growing challenges of regional conflict and instability are receiving significant international attention. Broadly, these regional clashes are taking place both between and within states. The former are concerned with regional competition and power distributions, while the latter are the result of animosities rooted in ethnic, religious, communal, secessionist, and irredentist contestations. This article proposes a framework for understanding and analyzing the dynamics and complexities of these post-Cold War internal conflicts taking place within an increasing number of states in various regions of the globe. To accomplish this, a review is undertaken of the causes and dimensions of this internal violence and the state disintegration it engenders, with particular attention to the impact of ethnicity, ethnonationalism, religion, and communalism. The framework developed for analyzing and understanding the complex developments that characterize these ethnic and religiously motivated internal conflicts and wars is employed to assess the strife in Somalia.
The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science © 1995 American Academy of Political and Social Science