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The Effects of Hot Spots Policing on Crime

Anthony A. Braga
The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Vol. 578, What Works in Preventing Crime? Systematic Reviews of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research (Nov., 2001), pp. 104-125
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1049870
Page Count: 22
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The Effects of Hot Spots Policing on Crime
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Abstract

In recent years, researchers have argued that police actions should be focused on high-risk crime places rather than spread thinly across the urban landscape. This review examines the available evaluation evidence on the effects of concentrating police enforcement efforts on crime hot spots. Five randomized experiments and four nonequivalent control group quasi-experiments were identified. The findings of these evaluations suggest that focused police actions can prevent crime and disorder in crime hot spots. These studies also suggest that focused police actions at specific locations do not necessarily result in crime displacement. Unintended crime prevention benefits were also associated with the hot spots policing programs. Although these evaluations reveal that these programs work in preventing crime, additional research is needed to unravel other important policy-relevant issues such as community reaction to focused police enforcement efforts.

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