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Attentional Responses of Five-Month Girls to Discrepant Auditory Stimuli

William H. Melson and Robert B. McCall
Child Development
Vol. 41, No. 4 (Dec., 1970), pp. 1159-1171
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development
DOI: 10.2307/1127343
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1127343
Page Count: 13
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Attentional Responses of Five-Month Girls to Discrepant Auditory Stimuli
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Abstract

An 8-note standard tonal sequence was presented 8 times to 48 girls 5 months of age. Following this familiarization phase, a series of small or large discrepancies from that standard were presented. Attention in terms of cardiac deceleration to the discrepancies was greater if infants habituated during the familiarization phase than if they did not, and attention was greater if the discrepancy was large than if it was small in magnitude. The response to auditory stimuli could also be predicted by the looking pattern displayed by subjects to a set of visual stimuli given prior to the auditory episode.

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