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Classification Patterns of Underprivileged Children in Israel

Shlomo Sharan and Leonard Weller
Child Development
Vol. 42, No. 2 (Jun., 1971), pp. 581-594
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development
DOI: 10.2307/1127490
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1127490
Page Count: 14
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Classification Patterns of Underprivileged Children in Israel
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Abstract

357 first-grade children in Israel from Western and Middle Eastern ethnic background, from lower and middle social classes, and from both sexes were compared in terms of their ability for and style of grouping objects into rational classes. Different configurations of grouping behavior were found to be associated with these major background variables. Lowerclass children were less able to to employ the most abstract grouping style and were less able to achieve the required conceptual breadth than were their middle-class peers. Children of Middle Eastern ethnic background gave fewer Descriptive responses, the style most commonly employed by all children, and failed to cope with the fundamental requirement of grouping more than did their peers of Western ethnic background. Girls emerged superior to boys on all measures.

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