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Social and Familial Correlates of Self-Esteem among American Indian Children

Harriet P. Lefley
Child Development
Vol. 45, No. 3 (Sep., 1974), pp. 829-833
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development
DOI: 10.2307/1127856
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1127856
Page Count: 5
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Social and Familial Correlates of Self-Esteem among American Indian Children
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Abstract

Social and familial correlates of self-esteem (SE), in relation to tribal acculturation, were investigated in 72 American Indian reservation children who had shown highly significant negative SE relative to Anglo norms. Ss were 34 Miccosukee and 38 Seminole children and their mothers (N = 32), all of the same ethnolinguistic group. Results indicated that although the tribes did not differ in socialization practices, both mothers and children in the less acculturated, more socially intact tribe (Miccosukee) had significantly higher SE than more acculturated (Seminole) counterparts. Across tribes, (a) girls were significantly higher in SE and perceived parental love than boys, and (b) daughters' SE was positively correlated with maternal SE, and sons' SE with perceived parental love. Findings were discussed in terms of the interaction of familial and sociocultural variables.

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