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Journal Article

An Analysis of Analogical Reasoning in Children

Philip J. Levinson and Robert L. Carpenter
Child Development
Vol. 45, No. 3 (Sep., 1974), pp. 857-861
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development
DOI: 10.2307/1127862
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1127862
Page Count: 5
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An Analysis of Analogical Reasoning in Children
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Abstract

Analogical reasoning in 9-, 12-, and 15-year-old children was investigated using 2 forms of verbal analogies: quasi analogies which present the reasoning problem in sentence form (a bird uses air; a fish uses...); and true analogies which present the problem in the form of a proportion (bird is to air as fish is to...). 9-year-old subjects obtained a mean percentage correct of 50 on the true analogies indicating that, contrary to other reports, 9-year-olds can engage in analogical reasoning to some degree. Additionally, there was an order X condition interaction which suggested that quasi analogies provided information which improved performance on true analogies. Because of this it was suggested that quasi analogies might be used to develop analogical reasoning skills in children who are deficient in this ability.

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