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Television as Baby-Sitter: A Field Comparison of Preschoolers' Behavior during Playtime and during Television Viewing
Vol. 45, No. 4 (Dec., 1974), pp. 1132-1136
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1128108
Page Count: 5
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Television viewing, Television viewers, Child psychology, Mothers, Child development, Child care, Human aggression, Television programs, News content, Socialization
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22 male Ss, aged 4½-5½, were observed at home in 2 conditions: play and television viewing (TV), with order of conditions counterbalanced. 12 behaviors were rated for 55 min in each condition. The main effects of a 3-way analysis of variance (TV vs. play; high vs. low viewers; TV 1 vs. TV 2) indicated that as compared with play, TV was associated with significantly (p < .05) less talking, walking, object aggression, leaving the room, and maternal control and more attention shifts, sitting, and self-stimulation. Low weekly viewers self-stimulated more than highs during television and shifted attention less during play. Implications of increased television viewing for early socialization were discussed.
Child Development © 1974 Society for Research in Child Development