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Journal Article

Television as Baby-Sitter: A Field Comparison of Preschoolers' Behavior during Playtime and during Television Viewing

Sharon Gadberry
Child Development
Vol. 45, No. 4 (Dec., 1974), pp. 1132-1136
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development
DOI: 10.2307/1128108
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1128108
Page Count: 5
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Television as Baby-Sitter: A Field Comparison of Preschoolers' Behavior during Playtime and during Television Viewing
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Abstract

22 male Ss, aged 4½-5½, were observed at home in 2 conditions: play and television viewing (TV), with order of conditions counterbalanced. 12 behaviors were rated for 55 min in each condition. The main effects of a 3-way analysis of variance (TV vs. play; high vs. low viewers; TV 1 vs. TV 2) indicated that as compared with play, TV was associated with significantly (p < .05) less talking, walking, object aggression, leaving the room, and maternal control and more attention shifts, sitting, and self-stimulation. Low weekly viewers self-stimulated more than highs during television and shifted attention less during play. Implications of increased television viewing for early socialization were discussed.

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