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A Longitudinal Study of Relations between Outer-Directedness and IQ Changes in Preschoolers

Thomas M. Achenbach and John R. Weisz
Child Development
Vol. 46, No. 3 (Sep., 1975), pp. 650-657
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development
DOI: 10.2307/1128562
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1128562
Page Count: 8
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A Longitudinal Study of Relations between Outer-Directedness and IQ Changes in Preschoolers
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Abstract

The study was designed to determine whether outer-directedness, measured by glances at E during object assembly tasks administered according to the Turnure and Zigler (1964) procedure, predicts changes in preschoolers' Binet IQs over 6 months. With MA as a covariate to control for the small but significant relationship between glances and developmental level, an ANOCOVA showed a significant interaction resulting from increases in the IQs of non-outer-directed Ss and declines in the IQs of outer-directed Ss. Glances at E's puzzle while S assembled his own were unrelated to glances at E or to IQ changes, but, unlike glances at E, were significantly related to improvements in performance from puzzle 1 to puzzle 2.

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