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A Longitudinal Study of Relations between Outer-Directedness and IQ Changes in Preschoolers
Thomas M. Achenbach and John R. Weisz
Vol. 46, No. 3 (Sep., 1975), pp. 650-657
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1128562
Page Count: 8
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Puzzles, Intelligence quotient, Child development, Children, Child psychology, School age children, Statistical variance, Longitudinal studies, Cognitive development, Socioeconomic status
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The study was designed to determine whether outer-directedness, measured by glances at E during object assembly tasks administered according to the Turnure and Zigler (1964) procedure, predicts changes in preschoolers' Binet IQs over 6 months. With MA as a covariate to control for the small but significant relationship between glances and developmental level, an ANOCOVA showed a significant interaction resulting from increases in the IQs of non-outer-directed Ss and declines in the IQs of outer-directed Ss. Glances at E's puzzle while S assembled his own were unrelated to glances at E or to IQ changes, but, unlike glances at E, were significantly related to improvements in performance from puzzle 1 to puzzle 2.
Child Development © 1975 Society for Research in Child Development