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Measurement of Infant Difficultness
John E. Bates, Claire A. Bennett Freeland and Mary L. Lounsbury
Vol. 50, No. 3 (Sep., 1979), pp. 794-803
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1128946
Page Count: 10
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The Infant Characteristics Questionnaire (ICQ) was developed as a short, factor-analytic screening device for difficultness. Responses of 322 mothers of 4-6-month-old infants suggested that they regard the fussy, hard-to-soothe, labile infant as difficult. Mother report on the ICQ, particularly on the main fussy-difficult factor, was found to have adequate reliability over time and convergence with the Carey Survey of Temperamental Characteristics, with father report on the ICQ, and, to a lower degree, with home data collected by independent observers. It was also found that mother characteristics may affect perceptions of infant difficultness: multiparous, extraverted mothers tended to rate their infants as easy.
Child Development © 1979 Society for Research in Child Development