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A Schematic Processing Model of Sex Typing and Stereotyping in Children
Carol Lynn Martin and Charles F. Halverson, Jr.
Vol. 52, No. 4 (Dec., 1981), pp. 1119-1134
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1129498
Page Count: 16
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Stereotypes, Child psychology, Children, Child development, Social psychology, Gender roles, Memory, Saliency, Cognitive psychology, Cognitive models
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The thesis of the present paper is that sex stereotyping is a normal cognitive process and is best examined in terms of information-processing constructs. A model is proposed in which stereotypes are assumed to function as schemas that serve to organize and structure information. The particular schemas involved in stereotyping are described, and the functions and biases associated with these schemas are elaborated. Both the development and maintenance of stereotypes are explained using the schematic processing model. The schematic model is found to be useful for explaining many of the results from sex-typing and stereotyping studies, as well as indicating areas needing further investigation. To describe the relation between sex schemas and other types of schemas, a typology is proposed which divides schemas according to whether they are potentially self-defining and according to their salience or availability. Using the typology, stereotyping and sex stereotyping are said to occur because the schemas involved are self-defining and salient. The role of salience in mediating the use of schemas is discussed.
Child Development © 1981 Society for Research in Child Development