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Latent Growth Curves within Developmental Structural Equation Models

J. J. McArdle and David Epstein
Child Development
Vol. 58, No. 1 (Feb., 1987), pp. 110-133
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development
DOI: 10.2307/1130295
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1130295
Page Count: 24
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Latent Growth Curves within Developmental Structural Equation Models
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Abstract

This report uses structural equation modeling to combine traditional ideas from repeated-measures ANOVA with some traditional ideas from longitudinal factor analysis. A longitudinal model that includes correlations, variances, and means is described as a latent growth curve model (LGM). When merged with repeated-measures data, this technique permits the estimation of parameters representing both individual and group dynamics. The statistical basis of this model allows hypothesis testing of various developmental ideas, including models of alternative dynamic functions and models of the sources of individual differences in these functions. Aspects of these latent growth models are illustrated with a set of longitudinal WISC data from young children and by using the LISREL V computer program.

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