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Empirical Classification of Infant-Mother Relationships from Interactive Behavior and Crying during Reunion

John E. Richters, Everett Waters and Brian E. Vaughn
Child Development
Vol. 59, No. 2 (Apr., 1988), pp. 512-522
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development
DOI: 10.2307/1130329
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1130329
Page Count: 11
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Empirical Classification of Infant-Mother Relationships from Interactive Behavior and Crying during Reunion
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Abstract

Multiple discriminant function analysis (MDFA) was conducted with data from 255 Strange Situations conducted and scored by Ainsworth and her colleagues. Cross-validated discriminant functions and classification weights were obtained, allowing attachment classifications (A, B, C) to be assigned directly from scores on interactive behavior and crying during reunion episodes. In the past, classification agreement within laboratories has often been used as a training criterion. Unfortunately, this does not insure that classification criteria agreed upon within a laboratory are comparable across laboratories, nor does it insure that agreed upon criteria will yield the same classifications that would have been assigned by the researchers who developed the scoring system. The present results enable researchers who have mastered the scoring systems for reunion behavior and crying to obtain attachment classifications directly from scores on these variables. Alternatively, this procedure may be used to guide the training of, and validate classification decisions by, local judges.

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