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Cognitive Aspects of Early Sex-Role Development: The Influence of Gender Schemas on Preschoolers' Memories and Preferences for Sex-Typed Toys and Activities

D. Bruce Carter and Gary D. Levy
Child Development
Vol. 59, No. 3 (Jun., 1988), pp. 782-792
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development
DOI: 10.2307/1130576
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1130576
Page Count: 11
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Cognitive Aspects of Early Sex-Role Development: The Influence of Gender Schemas on Preschoolers' Memories and Preferences for Sex-Typed Toys and Activities
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Abstract

60 33-68-month-old children were interviewed to assess relations among sex-stereotype knowledge, stereotype flexibility, gender constancy, sex-typed toy preferences, gender schematization, and recognition memory for gender-relevant illustrations. Age was positively associated with recognition memory for stereotype-consistent and inconsistent activities and negatively associated with simple recognition errors. Gender schematization was negatively associated with memory for stereotype-inconsistent activities and positively associated with gender transformational memory errors. Boys' toy preferences were more stereotype consistent and, for all children, preferences for sex-appropriate toys were positively associated with age and gender schematization. Sex-inappropriate preferences were negatively associated with gender schematization. Neither stereotype knowledge, stereotype flexibility, nor gender constancy reliably predicted memories or preferences.

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